Textbook Notes (363,107)
Canada (158,199)
Sociology (1,471)
SOC354H5 (2)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 Development Theory and Reality.docx

2 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Mississauga
Zaheer Baber

Chapter 1: Development- Theory and Reality Development: History and Politics -‘Development’ originates in colonial era -Development was defined philosophically as the improvement of humankind -European elites viewed development practically to social engineer emerging national societies of the non-European world (e.g. balancing technological change and class formation with social intervention) -Development was a power relationship between colonial subjects and its European rulers -It introduced new class and racial hierarchies within and across societies -Development project is based on the ideal of self-governing states made up of citizens united by their sense of nationalism; focuses on self-maximizing consumers Development Theory -Development policy holds that markets maximize individual preferences and allocate resources efficiently Naturalizing Development -Self-gain is realized as consumer preference in the market and drives the aspiration for improvement -To make market behaviour natural, other human attributes suffer -Development=consumption -In Rostow’s ‘The Stages of Economic Growth’, he outlines a linear sequence of development -This theorization of development naturalizes the process -Depends on political context; markets couldn’t be natural as to not need maintenance; it needs an institution to nurture it Global Context -Forgot the unequal access to resources between societies; some societies were more equipped to go through stages of theory than others -Dependency Analysis- Refers to the unequal economic relations between metropolitan societies and non-European peripheries; the development of the former at the expense of the underdevelopment of the latter -World-System Analysis- Core concentrates on capital-intensive production, while the periphery focuses on lower-skilled labour; geographical hierarchy -The idea that development should progress a certain way is appropriate for dependency theory at mid- century, but not in the 21 century -Development in the traditional sense has denied improvement of other cultures Agrarian Questions -Small producers can’t survive because of foreign impact (colonialism, foreign aid, unequal market relations) -According to the development model, peasant cultures (developmental baselines) are meant to disappear -We can never know the capability of surviving agrarian cultures which don’t override natural limits with chemicals, unlike commercial agriculture Ecological Question
More Less

Related notes for SOC354H5

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.