Textbook Notes (368,035)
Canada (161,583)
Sociology (1,513)
SOC354H5 (2)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2 Instituting the Development Project.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Zaheer Baber

Chapter 2: Instituting the Development Project Colonialism -Europeans felt that non-Europeans were backwards in their culture -They viewed their difference as progress as European cultural superiority -Saw natives’ land as belonging to nobody legally -European colonization of natural resources converted resources into economic ones, discounting their regenerative capacities and ecological interdependence -Non-Europeans were encouraged to live the European way- “of development” The Colonial Division of Labour -Colonizers established specialized extraction and production of raw materials and primary products that were unavailable in Europe -Primary commodity production at one end (and exporters of sustainability) and industrialization at the other end; relocated resources from colony to metropolis: an unequal ecological exchange -Non-European culture became disorganized (e.g. agriculture reduced to an export monoculture- produced a single type of crop) -Export agriculture interrupted old patterns of diet and cultivation; money determined what people ate -Undermining traditional skills for the benefit of mass production with industrial technology Social Reorganization under Colonialism -Non-European societies were transformed via loss of resources and craft traditions as they were forced to labor to produce exports sustaining distant countries -Global process, in which the colonies provided European countries with cheap products -As the industrial era matured, colonial rule became more bureaucratic, self-financing, depending on military force and loyalty of royalty -Colonizers privatized resource locationslabourers starved -Colonial division of labour developed European societies and underdeveloped non-European societies -Scattering labourers across the world has a global effect which gives rise to ethno-political tensions that shape national politics today -Power based on class structuring via racial humiliation led to resistances and eventually, decolonization Decolonization -Worldwide decolonization started when European colonialism collapsed after WWII, draining countries of power Colonial Liberation -Decolonization is rooted in a liberatory upsurge due to mass political movements of resistance -The UN was eventually formed and included non-European countries in this new era of development -First and Third worlds came together to stimulate economic growth, and social improvements through education, public health, etc. -A new world paradigm of fundamental rights of freedom to all, without distinction by race, colour, sex, language, etc. -Citizen rights to the social contract, that everyone was entitled to economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity Decolonization and Development -Decolonizationideal of sovereignty, conversion of subjects into citizens and the pursuit of economic development for social justice -US wanted to develop as a national enterprise by being more inner-directed than the outer-directed British imperial model -Division of labour between industry and agriculture defining the exchange between colonial powers and colonies was now internalized in the US Postwar Decolonization
More Less

Related notes for SOC354H5

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.