The science of linguistics proper has gone through three main phases of shortcomings. Our perception of linguistics has grown and developed through these years and even today we continue to learn more and more about it. Everyday we are discovering small jig-saw puzzle pieces, and as we put them together we are getting a better perspective of what linguistics is about: grammar. Normative grammar that lays down rules about what the allegedly: the great philological movement of classic philology. The method of critical examination of texts. Required an examination of the contribution of different periods, starting to embark on historical linguistics. Example: the study of inscriptions and their language: the correlation between languages. The idea of great language families- e. g. indo- european family. Although it focuses on a great number of languages, it still had no linguistic perspective- it was purely comparative.