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Chapter 5

JAV132H1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Uptodate, Anti-Clericalism

Architecture Studies
Course Code
Hans Ibelings

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5 - Paris
Chapter twelve - The city and the revolution
· Paris of 1789 Population was increasing three times larger than 1700 P. 283
· People knew that things were being exported from other places - people would travel a lot and
society was developing more p. 284
· Growing demand for up-to-date information creation of the daily paper the Journal de Paris p.
· People could now fake their own life in order to not be labeled couldn’t tell the difference between
middle class and nobles
· Growing distance between elites and common people due to relaxation of old social control
· Home became an “enchanted island” to be cut off from the outside world
· Urban changes new cultural practices and uses of urban space, shifting gender ideologies and
private religious practices p. 286
· Appearance were the only thing the distinguished elites from common people growing interest of
· Literacy rates were high by the eighteenth-century French standards p. 287
o Women were still not treated equally until the late-eighteenth-century Europe p.289
· there were nobles but slowly everyone started being treated the same
· these changes created a public that was independent, educated and politically aware
o Jansenism helped ordinary Parisians thought they had a say in political matters
· 1789 still remained a city of churches high rate of religious observance p. 291
· Louis XV and Louis XVI reign still wanted “despotism” – absolute power
o Police and agencies contributed to it
· Riots were occurring, people would be against the government including middle classes and
soldiers - start of the Parisian Revolution p. 292
-Parisian Society and Revolution
· Changes in social relations and government fueled the revolution
· Many common people were starting to be elected
· influence of urban environment on political events is the way many ordinary Parisian women
responded to revolution p.295
· during eighteenth cen the role of Church in Paris was declining p.297-8
· since nobles didn’t talk to ordinary people – many thought that nobles were plotting against the
revolution p. 299
-The Integration of the City and the Revolution
· Late-eighteenth-century Paris moving out of world structured by deference and hierarchy to one
governed by money and appearance p.302
-Epilogue The New Paris
· The Bastille was gone prison p. 303
o Disappearance of churches
o New streets were made through the church property making new buildings into the
green spaces both in and around the city
· Religious schools were re-established but higher education were secular p.304
o Anticlericalism other religions could practice freely
· Money, jobs, income, revenue for many people was lost during the revolution - places were
destroyed p. 305-6
o Nobles left/expelled which affected the city’s economy due to decrease of wealth
o Affected companies, employers, and employees
· Also provided a lot for the Parisian economy by building the National Assembly and of the court in
Paris in Oct, 1789 p. 307
o Publishing and printing industry expanded
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