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Chapter 4

SPA100Y1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 4: Diphthong


Department
Spanish
Course Code
SPA100Y1
Professor
Essential Textbook Summary
Chapter
4

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SPANISH SPA100Y1 NOTES
Chapter 4
(4.1) PRONOUNS AS OBJECTS OF PREPOSITIONS (con + pronoun)
In Spanish, you use pronouns as objects of prepositions when you want to say with + someone.
SINGULAR PLURAL
WITH MYSELFCONMIGO WITH US (males)
WITH US (females)CON NUESTROS
CON NUESTRAS
WITH YOURSELFCONTIGO
WITH YOURSELVES
(males)
WITH YOURSELVES
(females)
CON VUESTROS
CON VUESTRAS
WITH HIM
WITH HER
W. YOURSELF
(FORMAL)
CON ÉL
CON ELLA
CON USTED
WITH THEM (males)
WITH THEM (females)
W. YOURSELVES
(INFORMAL)
CON ELLOS
CON ELLAS
CON USTEDES
EXAMPLES:
I write with them. » Escribo con ellos.
You eat with us. » Comes con nuestros.
I play with myself. » Juego conmigo. (Funny example.)
NOTE that the personal pronoun can also be replaced by a noun. For instance:
I write with a pencil. » Escribo con un lapíz.
(4.2) CONTRACTIONS
In Spanish, the word a means to and the word de means from. When a and de are placed
in front of the definite article el, a contraction takes place in the following manner:
A + EL » AL (to the)
DE + EL » DEL(from the)
NOTE that no contractions occur in front of the remaining definite articles {la, los, las} or in front
of the indefinite articles {un, una, unos, unas}.
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EXAMPLES:
We are at the park. » Estamos al parque.
The pen is from the hotel. » El bolígrafo es del hotel.
We are at the library. » Estamos a la biblioteca.
The pens are from the hotels in Montreal. » Los bolígrafos son de los hoteles de Montreal.
(4.3) IRREGULAR VERBS: IR (to go), DAR (to give), ESTAR (to be)
Here are three more irregular verbs to learn. Their meanings are provided above and below. Here
is the format of their conjugation (in the table below). With the exception of ir (see below), they
are regular verbs with exceptions in the first person singular (yo form) only.
IR (to go)DAR (to give)ESTAR (to be)
YoVOY(I have)DOY (I come)ESTOY (I come)
TúVAS(you1 have)DAS(you1 come)ESTÁS(you1 come)
Él
Ella
Usted VA(he has)
(she has)
(you2 have)DA(he comes)
(she comes)
(you2 come)ESTÁ(he comes)
(she comes)
(you2 come)
Nosotros
NosotrasVAMOS(we have)DAMOS(we come)ESTÁMOS(we come)
Vosotros
VosotrasVÁIS(you3 have)DÁIS(you3 come)ESTÁIS(you3 come)
Ellos
Ellas
UstedesVAN (they have)
(they have)
(you4 have)DAN (they come)
(they come)
(you4 come)ESTÁN (they come)
(they come)
(you4 come)
NOTE: IR (to go) in the present tense is conjugated as if it was the regular AR verb VAR
(doesnt exist).
11 Informal, Singular.3 Informal, Plural.
22 Formal, Singular4 Formal, Plural.
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