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Chapter 5

Kohne Chapter 5 Summary.docx

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Western University
Classical Studies
Classical Studies 2300

Classics Lecture 1 ReadingRoman Theater Gladiators and Cesars Chapter 5Images of Roman public entertainment that manifest in our minds are gladiatorial combat and chariot racingoStaged plays played an almost equally important part particularly tragedy and comedyIntellectual humor that was taken from GreeceoRoman theatre played the largest influence on European culture even more that gladiatorial combat and chariot racingSet a direct example for early modern period dramaRomans were only people in a position to adapt Greek literature into their own languageoGreek was the international cultural languageEzekiel greatest Jew leader who wrote about Moses wrote in GreekWhen the tragedy called Romulus was written he wrote it in LatinoEven the Greek gods that were involved in the play spoke LatinRoman theatre was for everyone common people women slaves freedmen sat behind the knights and senatorsothey come to see and be seen themselvesAn insult to the lower peopleBirth of Roman DramaGreece was next door to Italy thus Romans did not have to travel far to see a Greek playRoman soldiers could see a comedy or a tragedy by Greek players as they were posted in those citiesA Year after the First Punic War A greek Livius Andronicus offered Rome a Latin drama on a Greek modelo240 BC was then regarded as the year when Roman poetry and roman literature was bornEtruscan ritual dancesimprovised latin texts were said to give rise to satires filled with musicThey did lack the unity of plot however that is authentic with dramaoThe greek was the first to write a genuine play with a plot on the Greek pattern used various rhythms of greek metre fundamental distinctions between long and short syllablesRomans had the Saturnian metre akward and clumsyWhen Livius Andronicus translated Homers odyssey into Latin he still used the Saturnian metreoThe plays however were set in Greece and sounded like authentic Greek dramaLatin language acquired Greek sophisticationHorace said Conquered Greece itself conquered its uneducated conquerors and brought the fine arts to LatiumoRome learned from the Greeks it had overthrownFurther History of Roman drama Two Roman dramatists to follow did not come from Rome nor was their native tongue LatinNaevius wrote of Roman subjects fabulae and Roman victory over the GaulsoAlso wrote tragedies on and comedies unlike Greek dramatists who only specialized in oneQuintus Ennius also wrote both comedy and tragedy spoke three languages said he had 3 heartsoAround his time did the Greek model become more usual to Rome other dramatists specialized in togataelet them hate me so long as they fear meWritten by a poet and used by the CaesarsCreative writers of Rome stopped writing after Accius death in 86 BC for almost a centuryAugustus tried to revive Drama Horace and Virgil supported this and gave young poets good adviceoHorace suggested thorough study of Greek modelsoDid not work very well only two tragedies have stood the test of timeSeneca friend of Nero wrote a whole series of tragedies following Horaces direction
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