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Chapter 10

chapter 10

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Psychology 2040A/B
Ian Mac Donald

Chapter 10: Development of Language and Communication Skills Five components of language: 1. phonology (basic units of sound /p/ and /b/) 2. morphology (rules for how sounds form words- past tense adds –ed, plurals add ‘s’ 3. semantics (meaning expressed: free morphemes=dog, bound morphemes=-s) 4. syntax (rules for word combinations- cat chased the dog, the dog was chased by the cat 5. pragmatics (knowledge of how language used to communicate: speaking to a young child..sociolinguistic knowledge: cultural rules of language use, please and thank you Theories of Language Development -learning perspective: -operant conditioning (Skinner) -adults shape child’s speech through reinforcement -imitation (Bandura) *criticisms: grammar not shaped, early errors creative and not imitated -nativist perspective: -humans biologically programmed to acquire language -Noam Chomskys Language Acquisition Device (LAD) -Dan Slobin’s Language- Making Capacity (LMC) *support: linguistic universals, brain specialization (Broca’s area and Wernicke’s), sensitive period hypothesis *criticisms: LAD/LMC concept vague, ignores contribution of enviro -Interactionist perspective -learning theorist
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