Psychology 2075 Chapter 16: Ch 16 human sexuality

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Published on 9 Mar 2017
Human Sexuality
- Assessing if something is deviant
1. When something falls outside the statistical norm
2. Determine how closely it adheres to the accepted norms of a society
3. Focuses on harm for the individual involved, for others, and for society
- Paraphilias: sexual interest and arousal in response to unusual stimuli such as children, other nonconsenting
persons, non-human objects, or pain and humiliation. Mutually consenting and unharmful paraphilic behaviours
are often referred to as kinky sex
- Paraphilic disorder: a diagnostic designation for paraphilia that causes the person distress and/or is harmful to
the self or other people
- According to Ottawa psychiatrist Paul Fedoroff, a major factor in explaining paraphilic disorders is that they
iole se ithout the possiilit of a osesual, utuall reiproal relatioship
- Moser and Kleinplatz (2005): believe atypical sexual incliatios should’t e used as the asis for a ategor of
pshiatri disorders. The argue that eause uusual seual iterests are’t, i ad of theseles, sigs of
pathology, paraphilias should be removed from the DSM. They also argue that the section of the DSM on
paraphilia is ased ot o urret sietifi fidigs ut o politial alues aout hat’s osidered aeptale
- Fedoroff (2003): people with paraphilias usually feel that their urges are insistent, demanding, or compulsive
(their urges are uncontrollable)
- Varies in severity. Some people can function sexually in the absence of the unusual stimuli, seldom (if ever)
acting on their unusual urges
- The person with a paraphilia typically replays the paraphilic act in sexual fantasies to stimulate arousal during
masturbation or sexual relations
- More common among men than women
- Fetishism: a paraphilia in which an inanimate object, such as an article of clothing o items made of rubber,
leather, or silk, elicits sexual arousal
- Partialism: a fetishism related paraphilia in which sexual arousal is exaggeratedly associated with a particular
body part, such as feet, breasts or buttocks
- Darcangelo (2008): fetishistic practices are nearly always private, involving masturbation, or are incorporated
into sexual activity with willing partners
- Transvestism: a paraphilia in which a person repeatedly cross-dresses to achieve sexual arousal or gratification,
or is troubled by persistent, recurring urges to cross-dress
- Mostly male
- Some are motivated by autogynephilia a condition in which an individual is sexually stimulated by fantasies
that his own body is female (trans people)
- Evidence of hormonal and neurological abnormalities in transvestism is mixed
- Langstrom and Zucker (2005): surveyed 2,450 Swedes and found transvestism in about 2.8% of the men and
0.4% of the women
- Ga e do’t usuall ross-dress to become sexually stimulated
- Cairns (1997): wives of cross-dressers required several sessions with therapists to deal with fear, betrayal and
grief the eperiee upo learig of their husads’ behaviour. Wives were far more concerned than their
husbands about their children finding out about the cross-dressing
- Exhibitionists: a paraphilia characterized by persistent, powerful urges and sexual fantasies that involve exposing
oe’s geitals to ususpetig stragers. The ehiitioist ahiees seual arousal or gratifiatio fro this
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