Textbook Notes (368,217)
Canada (161,710)
York University (12,820)
Psychology (3,584)
PSYC 2130 (185)
Chapter 2

Personality Psychology Chapter 2 Textbook Notes .docx

12 Pages
Unlock Document

PSYC 2130
Krista Phillips

1LEGENDOutline Titles in PinkDefinitionsactual definition Chapter Titles in Lavender PurpleReview in RedSubsections in SalmonSubsection of a subsection in blueTablesFigures in Purple Examples in OrangeMay 6 2014Chapter 2Clues to Personality The Basic Sources of DataData are Clues Four Kinds of Clues Ask the Person Directly S DataAsk Somebody Who Know I dataLife Outcomes L DataWatch What the Person Does B Data Mixed Types of Data No Infallible Indicators of Personality Clues to Personality The Basic Sources of Data Many years ago the prominent personality psychologist Henry Murray commented that in order to understand personality first you have to look at it If you want to look at personality what do you look at exactly The answer to this question is the topic of this chapter I maintain that to look at an individuals personality you can do four different things First and perhaps most obviously you can ask the person directly for her own opinion about what she is like This is exactly what personality psychologists usually do Second you can find out what other people who know the person well say about her Third you can check on how the person is faring in life And finally you can observe what the person does and try to measure her behavior as directly and objectively as possible In the end you need to look at personality in all of these ways because personality is complicated It is manifested by all of the characteristic ways in which the individual thinks feels and behavesthe psychological triad mentioned in Chapter 1 2An individual might be deeply afraid of certain things or attracted to particular kinds of people or obsessed with accomplishing some highly personal and idiosyncratic goals Patterns of thought emotion and behavior such as these typically are complex and may be revealed in many different areas of behavior and life Therefore when you try to learn about or measure personality you cannot rely on just one kind of information You need many kinds This brings us to Funders Second Lawthere are no perfect indicators of personality there are only clues and clues are always ambiguous DATA ARE CLUES The observable aspects of personality are best characterized as clues These clues are always ambiguous because personality resides hidden inside each individualBecause you never see personality directly you must infer both its existence and its nature and these inferences are forever uncertainInferences about personality must be based on indications that can be observed These might include how a person answers questions what the person says to his psychotherapist the behaviors the person performs in daily life or how he responds to certain situations set up in a laboratory The clues can be almost anything but it is important to remember that any one of them by itself will always be ambiguous The psychologists task is to piece these clues together much like pieces of a puzzle to form a clear and useful portrait of the individuals personalityIn that sense a psychologist trying to understand an individuals personality is a bit like detective solving a mystery clues may abound but the trick is to interpret them correctly Example a detective arriving on the scene of a burglary finds fingerprints on the windowsill and footprints in the flower bed These are clues The detective would be foolish to ignore them But it might turn out that the fingerprints belong to a careless police officer and the footprints belong to an innocent gardener These possibilities are not reasons for the detective to ignore the cluesfar from itbut they are reasons to be wary about their reasoning The situation is similar for a personality psychologist The psychologist might look at an individuals behavior test scores degree of success in daily living or responses to a laboratory procedures These are possible clues about personality The psychologist like the detective would be foolish not to gather as many as possible Also like the detective the psychologist should maintain a healthy skepticism about the possibility that some or all of them might be misleading
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2130

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.