EXW 302 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Health Belief Model, Health Equity, Health Promotion

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Published on 21 Oct 2016
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Vocab Words
Belief- appraisal of the relationship between some object, action, or idea and some
attribute of that object, action, or idea
Countering- substituting a desired behavior for an undesirable one
Chronic disease- a disease that typically begins slowly, progresses, and persists,
with a variety of signs and symptoms that can be treated but not cured by
medication
Determinants of health- the range of personal, social, economic, and environmental
factors that influence health status
Disease prevention- actions or behaviors designed to keep people from getting sick
Ecological or public health model- a view of health in which diseases and other
negative health events are seen as a result of an individual’s interaction with his or
her social and physical environment
Health belief model (HBM)- model for explaining how beliefs may influence
behaviors
Health promotion- the combined educational, organizational, procedural,
environmental, social, and financial supports that help individuals and groups
reduce negative health behaviors and promote positive change
Health-related quality of life- assessment of impact of health status- including
elements of physical, mental, emotional, and social function- on overall quality of life
Healthy life expectancy- expected number of years of full health remaining at a given
age, such as birth
Health disparities- differences in the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and burden of
diseases and other health conditions among specific population groups
Health- the ever-changing process of achieving individual potential in the physical,
social, emotional, mental, spiritual, and environmental dimensions
Imagined rehearsal- practicing, through mental imagery, to become better able to
perform an event in actuality
Locus of control- the location, external (outside of oneself) or internal (within
oneself), that an individual perceives as the source and underlying cause of events in
his or her life
Life expectancy- expected number of years of life remaining at a given age, such as
at birth
Motivation- a social, cognitive, and emotional force that directs human behavior
Mortality- the proportion of deaths to population
Modeling- learning specific behaviors by watching others perform them
Medical model- a view of health in which health status focuses primarily on the
individual and a biological or diseased organ perspective
Positive reinforcement- presenting something positive following a behavior that is
being reinforced
Risk behaviors- actions that increase susceptibility to negative health outcomes
Self-efficacy- belief in one’s ability to perform a task successfully
Self-talk- the customary manner of thinking and talking to yourself, which can affect
your self-image
Shaping- using a series of small steps to gradually achieve a particular goal
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