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Chapter 14

PSY 1305 Chapter 14: PsychReviewChapter14


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 1305
Professor
Danielle Young
Chapter
14

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Psychology Review Chapter 14
Chapter 14
Personality
is an individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
-persistent
Psychodynamic approach Freud (e.g, the unconscious)
Humanistic approach Maslow
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
-observed patients whose disorders had no clear physical explanations
-problems reflected unacceptable thoughts and feelings hidden away in the unconscious
mind
ID “pleasure principle”; impulsive, no regard for consequence
EGO “reality principle”; focused on ID still
SUPEREGO “morality principle”
The EGO is the executive between the ID and the SUPEREGO
Freud’s Psychosexual Stages
Oral (0-18 months)
Anal (18-36 months)
Phallic (3-6 years)
Latency (6 to puberty)
Genital (puberty on)
(You can stall out at stages)
boys Oedipus Complex; they cope through identification with their fathers
Defense Mechanism
s:
Ego protects itself with tactics that reduce and redirect anxiety by reality distortion
Freudian Slip:
a verbal or memory mistake that is believed to be linked to the
unconscious mind
-reveal secret thoughts and feelings
-for every 1,000 words, we make one or two errors

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Six Defense Mechanisms:
Neo-Freudians
-accepted many of Freud’s ideas
-placed more emphasis on conscious mind and on social motives than sexual or
aggression related ones
Contemporary Psychodynamic Theorists
-reject Freud’s emphasis on sexual motivation
-view mental life as primarily unconscious
Alfred Adler fight against inferiority
Karen Horney feminine psychology
Carl Jung less on social factors more on unconscious; creative personal growth
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Projective Test
-personality test that provides ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger projection of one’s
inner dynamics and reveal unconscious motives
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
-projective test in which people express their inner feelings and interests through the
stories they make up about ambiguous scenes
Rorschach
-people given a set of 10 inkblots
-low validity
Some of Freud’s ideas that we still rely on today?
-focusing on the unconscious
-childhood (Early Childhood)
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