POL SCI 4 Chapter 4: PS4 Reading 02.09.2017 (1)

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7 Feb 2017
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Political Science 4
Readings 2/9/2017
The Social Contract: Book II
CH1
- Sovereignty is a collective being > power may be delegated
CH2
- Sovereignty indivisible because either will of people is general or not
general
CH3
- General will not always the right; differences exist between will of all
individual will versus general will
CH4
- Sovereign judges the power/ goods and liberty that are the concern of the
community
- Sovereign cannot impose burden unnecessary to the community
- Generality from common interest that unites (not number of voices)
- Individual could not renunciate the social contract - he or she is better of
with it
CH5
- If someone breaks the social contract, preservation of state is
incompatible with his preservation
CH6
- Law considers all subjects collectively, not assess individual or specific
action
- Laws are the conditions on which a civil society exist
CH7
- Need God to give us laws
- Lawgiver is extraordinary > does not and cannot have command over men
after giving law
- Lawgiver needs to be understandable to the people (appeal to divinity)
CH8
- Lawgiver first finds out if people would lend support to the laws in mind
- Reform is dangerous once customs or prejudices are rooted
CH9
- Need the right size of state - not to big or small
- Considerations
- (1) difficult to govern if large
- (2) Lack money if large
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