IR 271 study guide.docx

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Department
International Relations
Course
CAS IR 271
Professor
Ivan Arreguin- Toft
Semester
Spring

Description
ImportantWordsTermstoKnow03022014LiberalismthetheoreticalperspectivebasedontheassumptionoftheinnategoodnessoftheindividualandthevalueofpoliticalinstitutionsinpromotingsocialprogressNeoliberalinstitutionalismpositsthateveninananarchicinternationalsystemstateswillcooperatebecauseoftheircontinuousinteractionswitheachotherandbecauseitisintheirownselfinteresttodosoRadicalismasocialtheorybyMarxthatpositsclassconflictbetweenownersandworkerswillcausetheeventualdemiseofcapitalismSocialismaneconomicsocialsystemthatreliesonintensivegovernmentinterventionBetweencapitalismandcommunismRealismtheoryofIRthatemphasizesstatesinterestinaccumulatingpowertoensuresecurityinananarchicworldbasedonthenotionthatindividualsarepowerseekingandthatstatesactinpursuitoftheirownnationalinterestNeorealisimpositsthatthestructureoftheinternationalsystemisthemostimportantleveltostudystatesbehavethewaytheydobecauseofthestructureoftheinternationalsystemConstructivistanalternativeIRtheorythathypothesizeshowideasnormsandinstitutionsshapestateidentityAuthoritarianAnarchytheabsenceofgovernmentalauthorityBalanceofpoweranysysteminwhichactorsenjoyrelativelyequalpowerBehavioralismanapproachthatpositsthatindividualsandunitslikestatesactinregularizedwaysleadstobeliefthatbehaviorscanbedescribedexplainedandpredictedMultipolaraninternationalsysteminwhichthereareseveralstatesorgreatpowersofroughlyequalstrengthorweightBiopolarityaninternationalsysteminwhichtherearetwogreatpowersorblocsofroughlyequalstrengthorweightCapitalismeconomicsysteminwhichtheownershipofthemeansofproductionisinprivatehandssystemoperatesaccordingtomarketforcesColdwartheerabetweentheendofWWIIand1990distinguishedbyideologicaleconomicpoliticalandmilitaryrivalrybetweenthesovietunionandtheUSLevelsofAnalysisanalyticalframeworkbasedontheideasthateventsinIRcanbeexplainedbylookingatindividualsstatesortheinternationalsystemSovereigntytheauthorityofthestatebasedonrecognitionbyotherstatesandbynonstateactorsSecuritydilemmaonestateimprovesitsmilitarycapabilitiesespeciallyitsdefenseandthoseimprovementsareseenbyotherstatesasthreatsThisleadstoinsecurityinothersCollectiveSecuritytheconceptthataggressionagainstastateshouldbedefeatedcollectivelybecauseaggressionagainstonestateisaggressionagainstallbasisofleagueofNationsandUN
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