Chapter 22 Outline—Cultural Conflict, Bubble and Bust
Rudolph Valentino became a controversial Hollywood star. Some loved him and some thought he was a
terrible influence. Hollywood was a booming success despite its critics.
Conflicted Legacies of World War I
The aftermath of the first World War revealed growing tensions among Americans for reasons such as
racial prejudice and labor tensions.
A. Racial Strife
1.) In the wake of World War I, African Americans began fighting to achieve citizenship ship
now more than ever.
2.) Violence between whites and blacks rose all over the nation.
3.) Greenwood district in Tulsa, Oklahoma became a target for white violence against blacks
because of the growing prosperity of blacks in this district. Greenwood was known as “the
black Wall Street.”
B. Erosion of Labor Rights
1.) The first World War had created so many jobs that America simply couldn’t maintain in the
aftermath of the war.
2.) Calvin Coolidge fired the entire Boston police force because they went on strike to demand
3.) Anti-labor decisions by the Supreme Court were additionally a key factor in the decline of
4.) Welfare capitalism became big in the 1920’s. It offered tangible benefits, but also had
C. The Red Scare
1.) The cost of living jumped nearly 80% between 1917 and 1919.
2.) In 1919, bomb threats became an issue after thirty-four were found defused and addressed
to government officials. Jessica DeLancy
3.) After narrowly escaping a bomb detonating outside of his townhome, attorney general A.
Mitchell Palmer set up an antiradicalism division in the Justice Department that later
became the FBI
4.) The executions of Sacco and Vanzetti was one of the ugly scars left by the ethnic and
political hostilities of the Great War.
Politics in the 1920’s
1920’s brought less acceptance of reform and more focus on the nation’s well-being being placed in
the hands of business.
A. Women in Politics
1.) Women’s voting rights were attained and they were put to good use through things like
tackling poverty and health care for the poor.
2.) Alice Paul, founder of the National Women’s Party, persuaded congressional allies to
consider and Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.
3.) Women did face serious opposition.
B. Republicans and Business
1.) Government officials worked closely with associations, providing statistical research,
suggesting industry-wide standards, and promoting stable prices and wages.
2.) Albert Fall was the first cabinet officer in U.S. history to serve a prison sentence for taking
$300,000 worth of bribes.
3.) President Harding had a heart attack and died while in office, so Coolidge became President.
C. Dollar Diplomacy
1.) The U.S. remained deeply engaged in foreign affairs, but refused to join the League of
2.) The U.S. loaned money to countries that needed help and if the country didn’t repay the
U.S. the way they agreed, the military would intervene.
3.) Dollar diplomacy was a frowned upon practice by many Americans.
D. Culture Wars
1.) American population was growing. More than 93 U.S. cities had populations over 100,000
and some cities, like NYC and LA had reached millions. Jessica DeLancy
- The 1920’s brought the decade long prohibition of alcohol.
- Americans flagrantly ignored the laws against drinking and many night clubs and
speakeasies profited greatly.
ii.) Evolution in the Schools
- Controversy erupted as people fought to remove the teachings of evolution
from school curricula and sought to teach what is taught in the Bible about
- Scopes trial brought a lot of controversy because he taught evolution in his
classroom instead of from the Bible.
- Native-born Protestants blamed immigrants for America’s moral decline and
this caused hostility to grow and shifts in immigration policy.
- New laws prevented more than 150,000 people from immigrating from a given
country into the U.S.
iv.) The National Klan
- The KKK resurged in the 1920’s.
- The rise of the Klan was an ugly trend that began before World War I and lasted
until about the 1930’s.
v.) The Election of 1928
- Governor Al Smith of New York was nominated for the Democratic Party but