ADM JUS 1 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Cesare Beccaria, Victimology, Cesare Lombroso

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A historical overview of its development into an academic discipline. To explain crime and causes of crime. Circumstances and contexts of crime: economic, cultural, political, social. Think about responses to crime: punishment, (alternatives to) prison systems. Policing and focusing on people within marginalized populations. Rehabilitiation for people who have commited crimes. Historically criminologists have looked at why people commit crimes, social circumstances. Experiments looking at peoples skulls and other genetic factors and makeups to see if that plays a part in who commits crimes. (now we know that crimes are social constructs) Criminogenesis: the study of the social responses to crime - the formal institutions of criminal justice, such as the police, courts and corrections. Understanding the realities of crime, social structures and the role that they play in commitment of crimes. Victimology and convict criminology positions of the victim or the criminalized. Topics can include terrorism, organized crimes, criminals that are socially alienated from society.

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