APPH 1040 Chapter 19: Chapter 19: Violence

3 Pages

Applied Physiology
Course Code
APPH 1040

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Chapter 19 -LO1 -Violence was classified as a chronic disease meaning that it was a major issue for society -Things that fall under violent crimes -Murder & no negligent manslaughter -Forcible rape -Robbery -Aggravated assault -Violent crime has been going down in recent years despite many reports -Over 50% of violent victimizations are not reported to the police -Relationship violence is one of the biggest issues on American campuses -Often people don’t report crimes because of the perceived issues that they may face in reporting them -LO2 -Risk factors of violence include -Community context: Bad neighborhoods -Societal factors: Male superiority -Religious beliefs and differences -Political differences -Breakdowns in the criminal justice system -Stress -Key predictors of aggressive behavior -Anger: Occurs due to a triggering event and helps people feel in power -Primary aggression: Goal-directed, hostile self-assertion that is destructive -Reactive aggression: Hostile emotional reaction as a result of frustrating life experiences -Substance abuse: Alcohol and drug abuse -Media are often blamed for problems that they are not responsible for, and there is often evidence to the contrary that would show that many people are not affected by the media that they are exposed to -LO3: Interpersonal Violence -Interpersonal Violence: Intentionally using physical force or power, threatened or actual to inflict violence against and individual that results in some sort of harm -Homicide: Murder or non-negligent manslaughter is a serious issue that is often caused by firearms -Often people involved in homicide know each other -Highest rate of homicide among African American males -Hate Crime: Crime against a person, property or group of people that is motivated by the offenders’ bias against a race, religion, disability, sexual orientation or ethnicity -Ethnoviolence: Violence based on prejudice and discrimination among ethnic groups in larger society -Prejudice: Irrational attitude of hostility directed against an individual, group or race or their supposed characteristics -Discrimination: Actions that deny equal treatment or opportunities to a group of people often based on prejudice -Common reasons for hate crimes: Thrill seeking, feeling threatened, retaliating, fearing the unknown or differences -Domestic Violence: Use of force to control and maintain power over another person in the home environment -Intimate Partner Violence and Women -Intimate Partner Violence (IPV): Physical, sexual, psychological harm done by a current or former partner or spouse -Does not require sexual intimacy -takes physical, verbal, psychological form -Cycle of IPV and battered woman syndrome -Reasons people don’t leave: Financially dependent, afraid of retaliation, religious beliefs, believe situation will change -Cycle of Violence -Tension building: Breakdowns in communication, anger -Incident of acute batter: Small issue is brushed off or approached with shock -Remorse/Reconciliation: People vow to change their behavior
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