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BIOL 3040 (7)
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Chapter 20

Chapter 20 Objectives (Got A+ on the test)

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Biological Sciences
BIOL 3040
All Professors

Chapter Learning ObjectivesChapter 20 Evolution and Medicine201 Vulnerability to DiseaseList and distinguish among the four types of answers that can be given to why questions in biologyoProximate immediate mechanismsoDevelopmental over a life timeoEvolutionary natural selection and other evolutionary forcesoPhylogenetic evolutionary historyList and describe the six explanations for vulnerability to diseaseoCoevolutionary arms raceoNot enough time for selection to catch up with environmental conditionoPhysics and biology make trade offsoHistorical contingency and path dependenceoSelection favoring reproductive success at the expense of health and wellbeingoSome symptoms possibly being defenses rather than pathologies 202 FeverDescribe the proposed costs and benefits of fever in animalsoBeneficialMay decrease growth rate of microorganismsMay upregulate some immune defenses and increase rate these cells proliferate and actTrigger expression of heat shock proteinsoHarmfulFever comes at a metaboli
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