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ANP 203 (9)
Chapter 5

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ANP 203

Chapter 5 • Behavioral Context: Term given to describe the behavioral meaning of objects in the culture that produced and used them. If an ancient people produced a hunting weapon, for example, a spear point, its behavioral context is that of a tool used in killing an animal in the hunt. Though archaeologists hope to discover the behavioral contexts of the objects found at archaeological sites, it isn't always obvious or immediately evident. • Site Constituents: The things that make up the archaeological record and that alert the archaeologist conducting a survey that they have found a site. • Materials that are found are divided in three categories. ◦ Artifacts: usually portable ◦ Ecofacts: environmental elements that become part of the archaeological record as a result of human activity, generally reflecting their use without substantial or goal oriented modification. (a piece of wood burned in a hearth fire) ◦ Features:An accumulation of material at a particular place and represents a different level of analysis than and artifact or ecofact. Non portable and spatially bound. • ActivityArea:Aspatially bounded area within a place inhabited or used by people where a particular tasks or tasks were carried out. Stuff may accumulate where activities were carried out as people lose or simple dispose of material they no longer need or th
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