Chapter outline: ways of the world, chapter 17. Industrial revolution took place between the 1750s and the 1900s. French revolution transformed the european society, giving it a new perspective to everyone. Industrial revolution in great britain spread much more rapidly than the agriculture, christianity, democracy or capitalism. There was huge increase in human population between 1400s to 19th century (375 million to. Huge amount of raw materials were needed to feed the industrial machinery, coal, iron, petroleum altered landscape in many places. Due to the pollution caused by the factories, many illness occurred throughout. Industrial revolution marked a new era in both human history and history of the planet. Technological innovations: the spinning jenny, power loom, steam engine, cotton gin. Industrial revolution spread beyond textile industry to iron and steel production railroads, steamships, food processing and construction. Many historians believed that europe was destined to lead the way to modern economic life. Islamic world generated major advances in shipbuilding.