SWK 315 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9 & 10: Hegemonic Masculinity, Marianismo, Machismo

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- What kind of things have been address over the years for equal right for women?
o Voting
o Pay
o Access to health care
o Types of jobs
o Property rights
- What do social workers need to do related to equal rights regarding sex and gender?
o Advocate
o Educate other people and ourselves
o We need to accept people the way they present themselves to us.
Key Concepts:
Gender: The culturally and socially constructed expectations of behaviors for male, female, and
transgender individuals
Sexism: The subordination and oppression of women based on the assumption of the superiority of
men, an assumption based solely on their biological sex.
Hegemonic masculinity: The type of masculinity idealized by a particular culturefor example, the
stereotypical view in the West of men as domineering, unemotional, and violent.
Transgender: A spectrum of gender identities that include pre- and postoperative transgender
individuals and heterosexual cross-dressers, and a growing population of people who identify as
intersex or as not fitting any traditional notions of gender.
Sexual Orientation: How people classify themselves and others sexually, based on feelings of
attraction to other people, the gender categories of the objects of people’s romantic and erotic
desires, and the models of socially prescribed sexual behaviors that individuals follow
Stigma Theory: The idea that sexual minorities are likely to avoid disclosure of their sexual identity
when they expect to be viewed or treated unfavorably as a result.
Machismo: The ideal of what it means to be a man in Latino culture, which views men as
controlling, possessive, sexist, and domineering, as well as chivalrous and protective of kin
Marianismo: The ideal of what it means to be a woman in Latino culture, which views women as
virtuous and self-sacrificing and implies a sense of powerlessness and resignation in the face of
sexist oppression
Homophobia: Fear of and aversion or hostility toward same-sex sexual attraction, behavior and
identity that results in prejudice and discrimination
Internalized homophobia: The acceptance of negative views of same-sex sexual attraction, behavior
and identity that are incorporated into the self-concept of a gay or lesbian individual.
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