SWK 330 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Ecological Systems Theory, Resource Management

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SWK Practice 1 Chapter 1 Notes 1-24-19
Predominant fields of social work practice (represent 70% of the professional
o Mental health
o Medical health
o Child welfare
o Aging services
NASW defines the purpose of social work as:
o “to enhance human well-being and help meet the basic human needs of all
people, with particular attention to the needs and empowerment of people who
are vulnerable, oppressed, and living in poverty”
Social workers are expected to defend and uphold the physical, psychological,
emotional, and spiritual integrity and well-being of all persons by:
o Respecting the right to self-determination
o Promoting the right to participation
o Treating each person as a whole
o Identifying and developing strengths
Social justice describes circumstances in which all members of a society have equal
access to societal resources, opportunities, rights, political influence, and benefits.
The fabric of social justice:
o Challenging negative discrimination
o Recognizing diversity
o Distributing resources equitably
o Challenging unjust policies and practices
o Working in solidarity
Social injustice prevails when society infringes on human rights, holds prejudicial
attitudes toward some of its members, and institutionalizes inequality by discrimination
against segments of its citizenry.
International Federation of Social Workers defines social work as:
o A practice-based profession and an academic discipline that promotes social
change and development, social cohesion, and the empowerment and liberation
of people. Principles of social justice, human rights, collective responsibility and
respect for diversities are central to social work. Underpinned by theories of
social work, social sciences, humanities and indigenous knowledge, social work
engages people and structures to address life challenges and enhance wellbeing.
Core Values of Social Work:
o ServiceHelping people and solving social problems
o Social JusticeChallenging injustices
o Dignity and worth of the personRespecting inherent dignity
o Importance of human relationshipsRecognizing the importance of
o IntegrityBeing trustworthy
o CompetencePracticing competently
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