SWK 341 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Physical Strength, Generation Z, Middle Age
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HBSE II Chapter 10
• Recognize the Contributions of Physical Development, Health Status, and
Other Factors to Health During Young Adulthood
o Young Adulthood
▪ The current generation of young adults is called the millennials, compared
to past generations who held the titles of baby boomers, Generation X, and
upcoming (Generation Z)
o Physical Development
▪ Young adults are in their physical prime. Maximum muscular strength is
attained between the ages of 25 and 30, and generally begins a gradual
decline after that.
o Health Status
▪ Young adulthood can be considered the healthiest time of life.
o Breast Cancer
▪ Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer among women, expect
for skin care.
o Early Detection of Breast Cancer
o Lifestyle and Good Health
▪ Good health doesn’t just happen. It is related to specific practices and to a
person’s individual lifestyle.
▪ Poor people are likely to suffer stress related to their lack of resources.
• Describe the Physical Changes in Middle Adulthood, Including Those
Affecting Physical Strength and Reaction Time, and Intellectual Functioning
o Middle Adulthood
▪ Middle age has no distinct biological markers
o Physical Changes in Middle Age
▪ Most middle-aged people are in good health and have substantial energy
o In early 40s, a general slowing down in metabolism usually begins
o Gray hair, coarsened skin, and crow’s feet are considered attractive in men; they
are viewed as sign of distinction, experience, and mastery. Yet the same physical
changes in women are viewed as unattractive indicators that they are “over the
o A gradual deterioration occurs in the sense organs during middle adulthood
o Physical strength and coordination are at their maximum in the 20s and then
decline gradually in middle adulthood
o Mental functions are a peak in middle age.
• Describe the Midlife Crises Associated with Female Menopause and Male
o Female Menopause
HBSE II Chapter 10
▪ Menopause is the event in every woman’s life when she stops
menstruating and can no longer bear children.
▪ The median age when menopause occurs is 51 years.
o Cultural Differences in Women’s Experience of Menopause
o Male Climacteric
▪ Sometime between the ages of 35 and 60 men reach an uncertain period in
their lives that has been termed a midlife crisis.
o Midlife Crisis: True or False?
▪ The ease or panic with which a man faces his middle years will depend on
how he has accepted his faults and his strengths throughout life.
• Summarize Sexual Functioning in Middle Age
o Sexual functioning in middle age
▪ Sexual expression is an important part of life for practically all age groups
▪ Generally speaking, marriage partners report satisfaction with marital sex
▪ Married couples now use a greater variety of sexual techniques than
couples in earlier generations did.
▪ In most cases, extramarital affairs are carries out in secret.
▪ In the new digital age, sexual relationship no longer used to occur face to
▪ A great majority of formerly married persons become sexually active
within a year after divorce.
▪ Widowers are more likely than widows to establish a new sexual
▪ A small minority of people choose to abstain from sexual intercourse.
• Describe AIDS—Its causes and effects; How It Is Contracted; How Its
Spread Can Be Prevented; and Understand AIDS Discrimination
o People living with AIDS: A Population-at-Risk
▪ It is estimated that 1,218,400 individuals over the age of 13 have HIV. In
2014, an estimated 44,000 new cases of HIV were diagnosed.
o What Causes AIDS?
▪ HIV invades cells involved in the body’s normal process of protecting
itself from disease and causes these cells to produce more of the virus.
Apparently, HIV destroys normal white blood cells, which are supposed to
fight off diseases invading the body.
o How is AIDS contracted?
▪ HIV is transmitted through transmission of body fluids, including blood,
semen, pre-seminal fluids, rectal/vaginal secretions, and breast milk
o The Effects of HIV
▪ As AIDS progresses, the immune system is less and less capable of
fighting off “opportunist” diseases, making the infected person vulnerable