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Syracuse University
Communication and Rhet Studies
CRS 325

Chapter 1 Why study public speaking? • Gain real life skills • Advance professional goals o Clear communication is critical to success o “oral and written communication” = most important skill recruiters look for • Enhance career as student o Other skills enhanced  Research, writing, outlining, listening, reasoning, critical analysis  Visual aids  Controlling voice and body • Become an engaged citizen o Enter a public conversation about social concerns Top 5 Skills Employers Seek 1. Oral communication skills 2. Strong work ethic 3. Teamwork skills 4. Analytical skills 5. Initiative Classical Roots and Public Speaking • Rhetoric/oratory- practice of giving speeches, making effective speeches especially in a persuasive manner o How civil disputes were settles o Determined public policy, laws • Athens- first system of direct democracy • Agora- public square where meetings were held o Where Athenians spoke with great skill on public policy • Forum- Romans public speaking space o Public form- today, variety of venues for discussion on public interest  Town halls to internet • Forensic oratory- advocating or legal speech • Deliberative- speech given in legislative or political contexts o Pericles used this to convince Athenians to rebuild Acropolis • Epideictic- celebrations, funerals Canons of Rhetoric • The process of preparing a speech o 1. Invention- adapting speech information to the audience in order to make your case o 2. Arrangement- organizing the speech in ways that are best suited to the topic and audience o 3. Style- the way the speaker uses language to express the speech ideas o 4. Memory- practice of the speech until it can artfully delivered o 5. Delivery- vocal and nonverbal behavior used when speaking 4 Categories of human communication 1. Dyadic- between 2 people (conversation) 2. Small group- small number of people who can see and speak directly with one another 3. Mass- speaker and large audience of unknown people a. Little or no interaction between the speaker and listener, immense crowd of people b. Public rallies, tv, radio news c. Understand and appeal to the audiences interest, attitudes, values 4. Public- speaker delivers
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