Textbook Notes (369,074)
United States (206,189)
Psychology (87)
PSY 205 (46)
Palfai (9)
Chapter 7

PSY 205 Chapter 7.docx

5 Pages
46 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSY 205
Professor
Palfai

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Description
Chapter 7 • Tip of the tongue phenomenon: forgotten information feels like it’s just out of reach. • Encoding: forming a memory code • Storage: maintaining encoded information in memory over time • Retrieval: involves recovering information from memory stores • Attention: focusing awareness on a narrowed range of stimuli or events • Structural encoding: emphasizes what a word sounds like • Semantic encoding: emphasizes the meaning of verbal input • Craik and Lockhart’s levels of processing theory: proposes that deeper levels of processing result in longer-lasting memory codes • Elaboration: linking a stimulus to other information at the time of encoding • Imagery potential: • High high: juggler-dress • High low: letter effort • Low high: duty hotel • Low low: quality necessity • Self referent encoding: involves deciding how or whether information is personally relevant • Motivation to remember: time of encoding • Sensory memory: preserves information in its original sensory form for a brief time, usually only a fraction of second • Short term memory: limited capacity store that can maintain unrehearsed information for about 10-20 seconds • Rehearsal: process of repetitively verbalizing or thinking about the information • Chunk: group of familiar stimuli stored as a single unit • Phonological loop: represent all of short term memory • Visuospatial sketchpad: permits people to temporarily hold and manipulate visual images • Central executive system: controls the deployment of attention, switching the focus of attention and dividing attention as needed • Episodic buffer: temporary, limited capacity store that allows the various components of working memory to integrate information • Working memory capacity: one’s ability to hold and manipulate information in conscious attention • Long term memory: unlimited capacity store that can hold information over lengthy periods of time • Flashbulb memories: unusually vivid and detailed recollections of the circumstances in which people learned about momentous, newsworthy events • Conceptual hierarchy: multilevel classification system based on common properties among items • Schema: organized cluster of knowledge about a particular object or event abstracted from previous experience with the object or event • Tuckey & Brewer: suggest that people are more likely to remember things that are consistent with their schemas than things that are not. • Inverse: people sometimes exhibit better recall of things that violate their schema-based expectations. • Semantic network: consist of nodes representing concepts, joined together by pathways that link related concepts • Connectionist models of memory: take their inspiration from how neural networks appear to handle information • Parallel distributed processing: simultaneous processing of the same information that is spread across networks of neurons • Connectionist or parallel distributed processing models: assume that cognitive processes depend on patterns of activation in highly interconnected computational network that resemble neural networks • PDP models: assert that specific memories correspond to particular patterns of activation in these networks • Tip of the tongue phenomenon: temporary inability to remember something you know, accompanied by a feeling that it’s just out of reach • Retrieval cues: stimuli that help gain access to memories • Misinformation effect: shown that reconstructive distortions show up frequently in eye witness testimony. Occurs when participants’ recall of an event they witnessed is altered by introducing misleading post event information • Reality monitoring: refers to the process of deciding whether memories are based on external sources (one’s perception of actual events) or internal sources (one’s though
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit