• Social psychology: branch of psychology concerned with the way individuals’ thoughts,
feelings, and behaviors are influenced by others.
• Person perception: process of forming impressions of others
• Stereotypes: widely held beliefs that people have certain characteristics because of
their membership in a particular group.
• Illusory correlation: occurs when people estimate that they have encountered more
confirmations of an association between social traits than they have actually seen
• Ingroup: a group that one belongs to and identifies with.
• Outgroup: group that one does not belong to or identify with
• Attributions: inferences that people draw about the causes of events, others’ behavior,
and their own behavior
• Internal attributions: ascribe the causes of behavior to situational demands and
• Fundamental attribution error: refers to observers’ bias in favor of internal attributions
in explaining others’ behavior
• Defensive attribution: tendency to blame victims for their misfortune, so that one feels
less likely to be victimized in a similar way.
• Individualism: involves putting personal goals ahead of group goals and defining one’s
identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group memberships.
• Collectivism: involves putting group goals ahead of personal goals and defining one’s
identity in terms of the groups on belongs to.
• Interpersonal attraction: refers to positive feelings toward another.
• Matching hypothesis: proposes that males and females of approximately equal
physical attractiveness are likely to select each other as partners.
• Passionate love: complete absorption in another that includes tender sexual feelings
and the agony and ecstasy of intense emotion.
• Compassionate love: warm, trusting, tolerant affection for another whose life is deeply
intertwined with one’s own.
• Attitudes: positive or negative evaluations of objects of thought. • Explicit attitudes: attitudes that we hold consciously and can readily describe.
• Implicit attitudes: covert attitudes that are expressed in subtle automatic responses
that people have little co