SOCI 1090 Chapter 6: Ch 6: Problems of Place: Urban, Suburban, and Rural

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6 Feb 2017
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Chapter 6: Problems of Place: Urban, Suburban, and Rural
6.1: Urban Problems
Decline and deterioration in urban centers
Urban Job Loss
Export jobs create regional serving services
Local serving jobs are the last kind
Central city perceived as unsafe so those who can, leave
Industry shift away from manufacturing destroyed the urban working class
Disinvestment
Redlining: providing loans based on locations - some areas declared undesirable and can't
get loans
Race: blacks can't receive mortgage credit; will pay higher interest rates
Place: central city typically is most densely populated and receive worst loans
All lead to a self fulfilling prophecy in inner city neighborhoods
Federal Abandonment
Cuts on federal revenue, welfare, etc
Raising taxes and cutting services deepens the issues
Urban Poverty
Poverty concentrated among specific neighborhoods
Central city poverty areas () and high poverty areas ()
Urban poor racially segregated in high poverty areas
Lack of opportunities perpetuates it
Urban Housing Crisis
Lack of affordable housing (30%+ of income)
Condominiums displaces people who cannot afford a down payment
Gentrification (redevelopment of poor neighborhoods) hikes up the price rendering it
unaffordable
Warehousing (withholding apartments from the housing market) gentrification causes
rich purchase it for higher than poor renters
Irresponsible loans of recession caused many foreclosures
Decaying Infrastructure
Infrastructure crumbling; budget is very small
Transportation, Pollution, and the Environment
Traffic causes many Americans to lose money in gas and hours of their lives in
transportation
Greenhouse gases released
Lack of interest in public transportation adds to suburbanization
Underfunded and undependable
Illegal and hazardous waste sites pollute low income neighborhoods
Health and Healthcare
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