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Chapter 6

CCJS 300 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Randomized Response, Critical Role, Flight Controller


Department
Criminology and Criminal Justice
Course Code
CCJS 300
Professor
Alan Lehman
Chapter
6

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TYPES OF INTERVIEWS
-Structured interviews: consists of check-off responses to questions that are factual and easily fit
an expected pattern
-Disadvantage: limited response patterns because of close-ended questions
-Advantages: easy administration and data processing
-Unstructured interviews: provides open-ended response to question
-Disadvantages: may not provide the depth and quality needed
-Advantages: provides detail and complexity in responses
-Depth interview: more intensive or detailed interviews that are particularly useful in life
histories or case studies
-Advantages: discretion and flexibility for interviewer, good for hypothesis generating or
exploratory research
ADVANTAGES OF INTERVIEWS
-Personal contact between the researcher and the subject
-Higher response rate
-Clear up misunderstandings or confusion from interviewer
-Interviewer can act as an observer
-Allows interviewer to make use of audiovisual aids
-Interviewers can use their discretion when asking questions
DISADVANTAGES OF INTERVIEWS
-Interviewer effect/bias: biases introduced by the interviewer
-Interviewer may make mistakes in recording responses
INTERVIEWING AIDS AND VARIATIONS
-Recording with tape recorders
-Randomized response technique (RRT): means of coping with resistance to sensitive questions
by using indeterminate questions, ones in which the actual question answered is known only to
the respondent
EXHIBIT: PUBLIC OPINION POLLS
-Survey research organizations play a critical role in taking a pulse of the American public’s
opinion regarding public policy
-Wording of survey questions can produce differing results
GENERAL PROCEDURES IN INTERVIEWS
-Training and orientation for interviewers
-Arranging the interview, home surveys shouldn’t be before 10am or after 8pm, be able to
present identification, keep written track of callbacks
-Interviewers should try to match subjects as closely as possible in terms of age, sex, etc.
-Interviewer’s language style should be adapted
-Casual conversation can be effective
-Be familiar with the flow of the questionnaire
-Questions should be asked in the order listed
-Assure respondent information will be kept confident
-Probing: follow-up questions that focus, expand, or clarify the response given
-Carry on a light conversation once finished, thank the subject, clear up any questions or
concerns
RECORDING THE INTERVIEW
-Editing: the research staff checks the questionnaire for accuracy of response
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