Psychology CH 2 Research Methods in Psychology

3 Pages
42 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSC 1
Professor
Anjali Mishra
Semester
Fall

Description
Research Methods in Psychology CH2 10/13/2012 Science of Psychology: Theories: group of assumptions that aim to explain events Hypothesis: predictions Operational definition: Precise definition in terms of hypothesis Evidence: Empirical evidence­ based on research Principle of falsifiability: scientists must state an idea in such a way that it can be proved wrong Scientist must predict what will happen and whatnotl happen Confirmation bias: tendency to accept/look for evidence that solely supports hypothesis SELECTING PARTICIPANTS Representative sample: a smaller group from a population represents larger population that is being  studied Convenience Sample: people who are available Descriptive Methods: Methods that yield descriptions of behavior but now necessarily causal  explanations METHODS OF RESEARCH Case study: detailed description of particular individual being studied Used by clinicians and researchers Observational studies: researchers observe without interfering  Naturalistic observation: observing subjects/animals in natural habitat/environment Laboratory observation: in more controlled setting Psychological tests: measure personality traits, emotional states, aptitudes, interests Objective Tests: measure beliefs, feelings or behaviors on which an individual is aware Projective Tests: designed to tap unconscious feelings or motives Standard: same process Reliability: scores should be similar each time test is taken by same individual Validity: Measures what it was designed to measure Surveys: interviews to determine attitudes/opinions Requires representative sample A sample or subgroup of the population that possesses the same characteristics of the population Ex. Sample of high school students Random sample: ever
More Less

Related notes for PSC 1

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit