Psychology CH 10 Memory

6 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSC 1
Professor
Anjali Mishra

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Description
Memory CH10 10/29/2012 Memory: the capacity to retain and retrieve information Highlyselective  and reconstructive Explicit Memory: Conscious, intentional recollection of an event or item of information Recall: the ability to retrieve and reproduce from memory previously learned material Fill in the blank Recognition: The ability to identify previously encountered material Multiple choice Implicit Memory: Unconscious retention in memory Effect of a previous experience Priming “subliminal messaging”: A method for measuring implicit memory  subject reads/listens to information to see if performance of another task is effected Relearning “ savings method” : compares the time required to relearn material with the time used in  the intital learning of material Parallel Distributed Processing (PDP) “Connectionist model”: knowledge is represented as  connections among thousands of interacting processing units, distributed in a vast network, and al  operating in parallel MODELS OF MEMORY Encoding: conversion of information in a form that the brain can process and use Storage: retaining information over time Retrieval: Recovering information for use (Insert 3 box model of memory) Sensory register: preserves extremely accurate images of sensory information Info that is not passed to short­term memory is gone forever Short term memory: retention of info for brief periods Holds info retrieved from long­term memory for temporary use Chunk: Meaningful unit of info that may be composed of smaller units Working memory: STM and mental processes that control retrieval of information from LT memory and  interpret that information Long Term Memory: long term storage; organizes in semantic categories (ex. Animals) Tip of the Tongue Phenomenon: verbal information in long­term memory is indexed by sound and  form Incorrect guesses can have correct # of syllables… ­Procedural Memories: knowing  how to … ­Declarative Memories: Knowing that Semantic Memories: General knowledge Episodic Memories: Personal recollections Serial­position Effect: Tendency to recall first and last items on a list to surpass recall of items in the  middle of the list Primacy effect: remembering words in the beginning of the list Recency effect: remembering words at the end of the list BIOLOGY OF MEMORY Short term memory:  changes within neurons temporarily alter the neurons’ 
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