Transcription – copy DNA into RNA
RNA – single stranded
DNA – double stranded
Only one of the two strand that is transcribed into RNA, usually in a given region
RNA is being synthesized from the 5’ to 3’ direction.
Coding strand is the DNA strand that is the same as the RNA except for U and T
Template strand is the
Sense strand – DNA and RNA are the same except U and T. U is in RNA and T is in DNA
DNA into RNA, it contains ribose instead of deoxyribose
The presence of extra hydroxyl group in ribose and uracil is less stable than thymine.
Both of these things are important bc you want the information to be the same.
Template strand – the same strand as the RNA except U is T.
Coding strand is what the RNA synthesizes with
At the region in where RNA polymerase has to start, there are sequences that say that this
is where to start. Called promoters.
Consensus patterns – similar sequences in different genes
sequences in bacteria that tells RNA polymerase where to start
Look at the genes from where the RNA started transcribing,
Eukaryotes – genes are more spread out