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Chapter 5

PSY BEH 104S Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Overjustification Effect, Aan, CaffeineExam


Department
Psychology and Social Behavior
Course Code
PSY BEH 104S
Professor
Joanne Zinger
Chapter
5

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Chapter 5 Practice Questions
1. When asked “Who am I?” a child is most likely to respond:
a) “I’m a nine-year-old.”
b) “I’m a happy person.”
c) “My friends think I’m friendly.”
d) “I’m against corporal punishment.”
2. What is most likely an accurate view of the self in people in Eastern cultures?
a) the independent view
b) the correspondent view
c) the interdependent view
d) the individualistic view
3. Chen is from China. He is most likely to have a/an:
a) forward-looking perspective on the self.
b) rear-view perspective on the self.
c) insider perspective on the self.
d) outside perspective on the self.
4. According to Daryl Bem’s (1972) self-perception theory, when internal cues about attitudes or personality are weak,
ambiguous, or uninterpretable, people:
a) cannot form accurate self-perceptions.
b) engage in introspection to determine how they feel and so clarify the meaning of their internal cues.
c) compare their behaviors to stronger internal cues such as values and standards for behavior.
d) infer their own internal states by observing their own overt behavior.
5. Our beliefs about who we are and the way in which we formulate and organize this information is called:
a) self-perception.
b) self-concept.
c) self-schemas.
d) self-knowledge.
6. Giving teenagers extra privileges in exchange for doing household chores will probably not produce the
overjustification effect because:
a) extrinsic interest in this activity is initially high.
b) intrinsic interest in this activity is initially low.
c) teenagers have already learned to operate within a system of rewards and punishments.
d) extra privileges are not extrinsic motivators for teenagers.
7. Which type of rewards are more likely to lead to the overjustification effect?
A. Performance-contingent rewards
B. Task-contingent rewards
C. Intrinsic-contingent reward
D. Response-contingent rewards
8. The two factors in Schachter’s (1964) two-factor theory of emotion are:
a) physiological arousal and introspection.
b) overt behavior and observing that behavior from an external perspective.
c) physiological arousal and seeking a label that explains the arousal.
d) overt behavior and seeking an explanation for the behavior.

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9. Which of the following demonstrates the misattribution of arousal?
a) You rarely pet cats and infer that you do not like them.
b) You panic in the belief that you will fail an exam after taking two caffeine tablets to get you through an “all-
nighter.”
c) You find your job at the bookstore less enjoyable following a substantial raise in pay.
d) All of the above demonstrate the misattribution of arousal.
10. _____ refers to the way in which people make plans and execute decisions.
a) Self-awareness
b) Self-management
c) Self-assessment
d) Self-control
11. Which of the following is true about self-control?
a) It helps to form specific implementation intentions in advance of a situation in which you will need to exert
self-control.
b) Being under stress increases people’s self-control.
c) People are better at self-control if they haven’t been practicing it very long.
d) Dieters are most likely to break their diets in the middle of the afternoon.
12. Which of the following theories begins with the supposition that people have a need to evaluate their opinions and
abilities?
a) impression management theory
b) the two-factor theory of emotion
c) social comparison theory
d) self-perception theory
13. Which of the following is an example of ingratiation?
a) boasting that the school’s track star is your roommate
b) setting out to impress your psychology classmates with the knowledge you gained over the summer working at
a clinic
c) partying rather than studying the night before a difficult exam
d) complimenting your professor on his choice of ties today
14. Which of the following is true about introspection?
a) Males are more introspective than females.
b) Introspection is useful in explaining why we feel or behave the way we do.
c) As an internal process, it cannot be initiated by external factors.
d) We do not rely on this source of information as often as we think we do.
15. Which of the following people is most likely to be relationally interdependent?
a) Stan, a 27-year-old male
b) Brittany, a 29-year-old female
c) Mark, a 51-year-old male
d) Phillip, a 33-year-old male
16. Which of the following demonstrates the overjustification effect?
a) A band member enjoys her job as a guitarist in a band and decides to go solo.
b) Hugo loves to read and joins a book club that requires a monthly fee.
c) Pamela quits her job as a secretary because she finds it boring and goes back to school.
d) An engineer who loved to solve mechanical problems as a child now views them as dreary tasks.
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