PSY BEH 104S Chapter 1: Chapter 1 Reading

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of California - Irvine
Psychology and Social Behavior
Paul Piff

An Invitation to Social Psychology: - social psychology - scientific study of the feelings, thoughts, and behaviors of individuals in social situations. - Putting good people in a bad place/sense of power to make them like that. “it’s not that we put bad apples in a good barrel. we put good apples in a bad barrel.” - people exert influence over one another. - personality psychology is a close cousin of social psychology, but it stresses individual differences in behavior rather than social situation. - social psychologists differ from cognitive psychologists primarily in that the topics they study are usually social, for example, social behavior and perceptions of other people. cognitive psychologists would be more likely to study categorization processes or memory for words or objects. - sociologist might study how economic or government policy influences marriage and divorce rates in a population, whereas a social psychologist would be more likely to study why individuals fall in love, get married, and sometimes get divorced. - any one of us is capable of performing acts of brutality. - the main situational influences on our behavior, influences that we often misjudge or fail to see altogether, are the actions and sometimes just the mere presence of other people. - we rely on other people for clues about what emotions to feel in various situations and even to define who we are as individuals. - Milgram and other experts did not expect so many participants to continue to administer shocks as long as they did. - the mundane fact of being in a hurry is such a powerful situational factor that it overrides people’s helpful tendencies. - dispositions - internal factors such as beliefs, values, personality traits, or abilities that guide a person’s behavior. - people are governed by situational factors - such as whether they are being pressured by someone or whether they are late - more than they tend to assume. - internal factors - the kind of person someone is - have much less influence than most people assume they do. - fundamental attribution error - the failure to recognize the importance of situational influences on behavior, and the corresponding tendency to overemphasize the importance of dispositions or traits on behavior. - channel factors - certain situational circumstances that appear unimportant on the surface but that can have great consequences for behavior, either facilitating or blocking it or guiding behavior in a particular direction. - people should look for situational factors that might be affecting someone’s behavior before assuming that the person has dispositions that match the behavior. - the most powerful determinant of usage yet discovered is the distance to the closest facility. - construal - people’s interpretation and inference about the stimuli or situations they confront. - gestalt psychology - based on the german world gestalt, meaning form or figure, this approach stresses the fact that people perceive objects not by means of some automatic registering device but by active, usually unconscious interpretation of what the object represe
More Less

Related notes for PSY BEH 104S

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.