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Chapter 5

ARCH&UD 30 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Entablature, Pediment, Classical Order


Department
Architecture and Urban Design
Course Code
ARCH&UD 30
Professor
Michael Osman
Chapter
5

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An Essay on Architecture Marc Antoine Laugier 1753
- In an architectural order only the column, only the entablature pediment may form an
essential part of its composition.returning back to nature
- Columns should not be engaged (should stand alone)
- Pilasters should not be used
- Hates spiral columns like with a passion
- Columns are the legs of the building they should not be raised on a pedestal
- Pedestals are only good for carrying statues and to make them serve any other purpose
is essentially bad taste
- The pieces of wood which rest horizontally on the vertical posts to form a ceiling are
represented by what we call the entablature
- Conclusions of the entablature: (I)that the entablature must always rest on its columns
like a lintel (en plate-bOlide); (2) that in its whole length it must not have any corner or
projection
- Aches are faulty
- Do not put anything on a building that you can not give sound reason to
- Pediment inherent shape is triangular
- Don’t put pediments on top of eachother
- Attacks are horrible
- Everything that goes against nature may be peculiar but will never be beautiful
- Windows must be same shape in a straight line
- Less there will be more perfect it will be
- Laugier comes and introduces certain structure of the architecture through texts and
speech. He constructs the whole literature to convince people that THIS is the origin
The Writing on the Wall - Anthony Vidler
- Lafitau says that history confronts time and its effects, and does not write on the back of
time
- Looking at early civilization enlightens us about our origin point, where we are in time
- “His history of the "origins and progress of idolatry” traced the emergence of symbolic
forms. from the simple designation of a mountain or sacred wood. the erection of :I tan
din~ slOne or altar. the shaping of Stones into concs, pyramids. and cylinders as
memori:tls. to the sculpting of images and simulacra. as a parallel process in amiquilY, in
Biblical timcs. and in America
- Studies of Native American tribes by Lafitau justifies European advancement
- Happened also linguistically
- Vidler talks about the idea of how fire and technology lead us to language as a means of
communication
- His methodology to connect language and architecture to show you this is signified as
the origin: primitive hut is NOT the origin
- The relationship of antiquity and modernity : if there is no antique how can you say you
are modern.
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