PSYCH 127A Chapter Notes - Chapter 11.7: Antisocial Personality Disorder, Conduct Disorder, Mental Disorder

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Abstinence - less than 1 drink/month for more than a year. Social drinking - problem free drinking for 10+ years. Controlled drinking - more than 1 drink/month for at least 2 years with no reported problem. Inner city adolescents began abusing alcohol at an earlier age and were more likely to eventually achieve stable abstinence. Longer period of abstinence --> greater probability of remaining abstinent. Antisocial personality disorder (aspd), mood disorders, anxiety disorders. Conduct disorder (childhood manifestation of aspd) - strongly related to development of alcohol dependence. Some evidence suggesting that aspd and drug dependence are alternative manifestations of a general predisposition to behavioral disinhibition. Prolonged heavy drinking or use of psychoactive drugs may result in depression and anxiety. Continued use leads to greater conflict with family, coworkers another people. Anxiety and depression may precede onset of substance use problems. Frequent use does not necessarily imply high rate of substance dependence.

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