POLI 11 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Critical Role, Globalization, Nationstates

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Published on 4 Dec 2013
School
UCSD
Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 11
Professor
Comparative Politics Today Notes Chapter 1:
- Politics: it’s about community, institutions, government, etc.
- What is Politics?
Decisions, choices that are
Public: Not strictly personal in content, affects others, typically made collectively.
Authoritative: Intended to be binding, with claim to legitimacy (general
acceptance of right to govern), can often be backed up by force.
- The Two Faces of Politics:
Power (Domination)
Choice (Policy)
In the Real World, politics is always about power as well as choice.
You can’t do politics alone. Politics is like a car: it has multiple parts.
Context: Political decisions always made within a Political System
Interdependent parts:
Citizens, groups, institutions
Boundaries:
Citizens, Territory, Property.
Governments: organizations of individuals who have the power to make binding decisions on
behalf of a particular community.
State of Nature: the condition of humankind if no government existed.
Political Culture: this is the public’s expectations toward the political process and their role in
the process.
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- Providing security and order is a critical role of modern governments. John Locke considered
property rights to be particularly critical to the development of prosperous communities. For
people to want to invest in homes and a future, and for the market to thrive, our rights and
property lines must be protected and the government must promote a rigorous economic
competition. We must always protect our economic, social and political rights.
Public Goods: goods provided by the government to the public, i.e., clean air, national defense,
disease prevention, etc. Everyone must always have access to it, and one person’s major use of it
does not lessen another person’s ability to use it as well.
Externalities: a side effect or consequence of an industrial or commercial activity that affects
other parties without this being reflected in the cost of the goods or services involved, such as the
pollination of surrounding crops by bees kept for honey.
- Many tax and welfare policies redistribute income, although the degree of redistribution is
hotly disputed. It is argued that it should be used to equalize all citizens, while others disagree.
Many people rely on the government to intervene to protect the weak, whether it’s the poor or
children that are being abused. However, government intervention, and the debate concerning its
necessity in certain situations, is wildly disputed.
Anarchism and Libertarianism: two political and philosophical traditions that are critical of the
role of modern governments. But they differ in their main concerns. Libertarians see the greatest
problem of the government as its encroachment on individual freedoms, whereas anarchists are
concerned primarily with the threats that governments pose to social communities.
- The stronger the government becomes, the greater the inequalities of power.
Human Rights: a right justifiably belonging to every human being.
- It’s the violations of these rights around the world that troubled the founding fathers, hence
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Document Summary

Politics: it"s about community, institutions, government, etc. What is politics: decisions, choices that are. Public: not strictly personal in content, affects others, typically made collectively. Authoritative: intended to be binding, with claim to legitimacy (general acceptance of right to govern), can often be backed up by force. The two faces of politics: power (domination, choice (policy) In the real world, politics is always about power as well as choice: you can"t do politics alone. Politics is like a car: it has multiple parts: context: political decisions always made within a political system. Governments: organizations of individuals who have the power to make binding decisions on behalf of a particular community. State of nature: the condition of humankind if no government existed. Political culture: this is the public"s expectations toward the political process and their role in the process. Providing security and order is a critical role of modern governments.

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