Donnelly and Relativism.docx

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Department
International Affairs
Course
INTL 4620
Professor
Andrew Mitchell
Semester
Spring

Description
Donnelly and Relativism  03/13/2014 Different types of relativism and universalism:  Cultural Relativism: cultural relativists give priority to the internal judgments of a society  Radical cultural relativism Without exception, all human rights are culturally relative; culture is sole source for validity for human rights;  no human rights universalism at all  Left up to each individual state what the human rights are for that state  Strong Cultural relativism  Culture is the primary source of validity, but you do have some human rights norms that everyone agrees  on Weak cultural relativism  Relativism: implementation and interpretation of the right; how different societies; get some limited degree  of flexibility   Ex: civil and political rights; how much money to give to unemployed? (State doesn’t mess around with the  substance of the right is important) Ex: right to an attorney; each states provides or protects that particular right  Most human rights scholars lay in this theory  Culture is the secondary source of validity for human rights; culture is limited in an extent to how much its  allowed   UN West’s definition of HR  Radical universalism  Culture is not a source of validity at all State’s sovereignty as we know it, doesn’t mean a whole lot when talking about human rights  Limits to relativist arguments: what explains international consensus on HR? Its up to the individual state to determine the HR of that state Torture Right to life  Right against slavery  Cultural Rela
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