ANTH 3110 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Cherokee Syllabary, Sacred History, Political Sociology

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27 Jun 2019
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Holm, Person, and Chavis/Cushman
ANTH 3110, Summer 2019
American Indian Studies as a "Tributary"
Ethnography as methodology in scholarship - avoid dependency on theory
Class conflict theory, critical race theory, economic determinist ethno-history and mercantilist
economic colonial theory
Richness of thought gone into this area of study
Despite this, American Indian studies is considered at most a tributary of several academic
"mainstream" disciplines
Need for a recognizable theme or assumption
The Peoplehood Matrix
Argues it has already been formulated and introduced
Robert K. Thomas in the 1980s
Peoplehood to transcend notions of statehood, nationalism, gender, ethnicity, and sectarian
membership
Distinct languages, religions, territories and sacred history
Four factors - language, sacred history, religion, and land-interwoven and dependent on one
another
Make up a complete system that accounts for particular social, cultural, political, economic, and
ecological behaviors exhibited by groups of people indigenous to particular territories
Law is derived from matrix
Native Americans entwine everyday life with religious practice and a view that human beings are
part of their environments
Peoplehood and Sovereignty
New political definition when looking at international relations, colonialism, warfare, political
sociology, domestic politics, or any one of a number of different fields of study
Band-tribe-chiefdom-state (inaccurate assumptions of evolution and uncivilized peoples)
Race is not seen in Native Nations
People united by matrix possess inherent sovereignty
Colonization - denial of another group's sovereignty on the basis that the group being colonized is
unorganized, uncivilized, or lawless
Peoplehood is self-contained and self-governing
Peoplehood is the basis of nationalism and original organization of states
Native American Knowledge and Philosophies
Peoplehood better reflects Native American knowledge and philosophies
Traditional academic disciplines tend to compartmentalize and fragment knowledge
For Native Americans, everything is interrelated and are continuously interacting
Introduction
Sequoyah letter written in English
Sequoyah developed Cherokee writing system and seems to have disdained the acquirement of
the English language
Indian created a writing system that "would bring Cherokees to civilization"
Historians may have overlooked the possibility that Sequoyah might have known more English
then initially thought
Always pictured as Cherokee alphabet - indication of Western ideologies put on Cherokees
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