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Lecture 5

Intelligence: Lecture Week 5

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Child and Youth Studies
Anthony Volk

CHYS 2P10Lecture 5Monday Oct 25th What is Intelligence How is intelligence measured Factors that influence IQ scores Social and cultural correlates Compensatory education Creativity and special talents What is Intelligence Psychometric ViewsPsychometric approachWhat is intelligenceis it remembering recalling IQy Property of mental functioningyIn which individuals can be the same and in how individuals can be differenty Intelligence is a trait or set of traits on which individuals differyEarly BinetSimon testyMental agey o Determining mental agelower end of spectrum may need special attention o What makes a good teacher Binet Simon is based on what makes a good studentyGood at memory patterns yScore based on agewhat would a child of age 8 be typically be able to doyIs a another child able to do these things as well Are they able to do things as a 9 or 10 year old can do or can they only do what a 7 year old can do o To determine intelligence they sought to examine items that were correlated with high teacher ratings oFrom this they developed the BinetSimon test of intelligence which gave a score in terms of the childs mental level also referred to as mental ageIQThese tests were eventually modified in the USA to become the StanfordBinet testyMental age of the child divided by their actual physical age multiplied by 100y This test reported test scores in terms of intelligent quotient IQ which was a function of the ymental age of the child divided by their actual physical ageThe Wechsler scalesy o Adult version is the WAISIII child version is the WISCIII o Differences these involve tests that are not based purely on verbal skills eg What does telephone meanWhile the results from these tests no longer measure the relative mental age vs physical age ytheir score is still reported as IQIQ now means the relative performance of an individual compared to the average results yalthough for children it still has an age componentIG100 is the averageuses standard deviations yNormal curvey
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