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Lecture

lec 6!.doc


Department
Child and Youth Studies
Course Code
CHYS 1F90
Professor
Rebecca Raby

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Week 6
Feb 15, 2012
Lecture 6: Global inequality and globalization
Main points
There are global differences in understandings and experiences of young people
Global inequality contributes to such differences and directly affects young people’s
lives
Children’s lives are shaped by local and global political and economic decisions.
I/ Global diversity and inequality
A) Geographic features do you live by the ocean, up north, etc.
B) Religion and culture links to how childhood is experienced and thought of
C) Internal inequalities
-Within nations: cast (bottom of hierarchy), class, ethnic, gender,
and disability
-Within families: age of child, older has more ad/disadvantages,
gender (boys favoured),
D) Global inequalities
1) Global income distribution: Charts
2) Global income distribution: From The Hungry Planet (2005) by Peter Menzel and
Faith D’Aluisio
http://www.time.com/time/photogallery/0,29307,1626519,00.html#ixzz1lcd41wBw
3) Globalization
Capital and commodities
Policies: ex. CRC
Inequality: we do not see the how greatly they differ across the world
Information
Culture
People
Environment
II/ Child work in a global context
1. General differences between industrialized nations and the global south
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-Child work more common in global south
-Link to poverty
-Link to demand for cheap labour: push for people to start working in necessity,
pull is that it’s cheap and believe that children are more able then adults in
some cases
-Lack of supported education: not available to all, if money is involved some
children tend to miss out
2. E.g. Bourdillon, M. 2005. “Working Children in Zimbabwe” Sociological Studies of
Children and Youth, 10, pp.7-21
- Child labour vs. work
- Zimbabwe: HIV/AIDS issue, adults are getting it and children are having to step up
and take control of their families
- The African Charter on the Rights of the Child: Says Children should work
- Similar issues in many other countries, including Pakistan: no government support,
children’s money goes to their family, education is not priority
3. Addressing the situation?
-Accessible education: need to be flexible; children need to be able to work and go to
school in a day. Prices need to be changed to better suit countries like Pakistan
-Integrated approach: address safety of work and its combination of education
-Children’s say: importance of listening to children, consider children in certain
workplaces and the fact that it may be unionized
-Monitoring: safety, use our capacity as consumers to try to push companies to be
safer, we wont buy if they don’t stop with the danger
-Support for parents: child poverty is almost always their parents poverty. Support for
parents, ensure parents there is work that meets their capabilities instead of making
children do the work.
4. Internationalization of capital and children’s work
-Multinational expansion: different things made in different countries and then
imported to stop certain hardships of labour
-Effects in terms of production and consumption
Klein, Naomi. 2000. No Logo: Taking Aim at the Brand Bullies.
- brand based licensing, and the ways people have protested
-Multiple investors
-Limited skill training: different in the west and the rest, there are more jobs in some
places then others
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