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Lecture 4

HIST 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Viking Ships, Viking Expansion, Carolingian Empire

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Andrew Mc Donald

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Lecture 4: The Vikings in History
Important Essay Information Beginning of Next Lecture
- Part I: Narrative Overview
- Who were the vikings?
- The Viking age in Europe
Whatʼs in a name?
Viking comes from old norse language
- Vikingr (n) = pirate, raider, sea-rover
- Viking (v) = to raid (as in, ʻg a-Vikingʼ)
- not applicable to all Scandinavians form so-called “Viking age”
- Generally not used by the people the Vikings came into contact with (Nortmen,
Pagans, etc: Anglo-Saxons: wicings)
Viking diaspora 793- c.1100
“Viking Age” or “Viking Ages”?
- The Viking Age as an artificial construct
- the vastness of the Viking world
- How monolithic was the Viking Age? How similar were Viking experiences in different
parts of the Viking world?
-ʻFirst Viking Ageʼ 790- to mid-800s
-ʻSecond Viking Ageʼ mid-800s to mid 900s
- Conversion and political consolidation mid-900s-1100
- Viking “Empires” 11th-13th centuries
Fitting the Vikings into our picture so far...
Thursday, September 29th 2011
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