The Great War
Monday, September 24, 2012
1. July Crisis
2. Schlieffen Plan
4. America’s Entry
Allies: Britain, Russia, France, Serbia and Belgium
(Triple Entente refers specifically to Britain, France and Russia)
Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary
Later: Turkey, Bulgaria
Count Alfred von Schlieffen
Count Hermuth von Motlke
June 28 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by Serbian
nationalist Gavrilo Princip (member of the nationalist group “The Black
Austrians were outraged at Serbians.
Germans pressured Austria to go to
war. In August 1914 Austria
declared war on Serbia.
Russia began to mobilize forces
against Austria-Hungary, so
Germany declared was on Russia,
and then France.
An artists’ depiction of how the alliance system brought
European countries into “The Great War” Germany tried to move through the neutral country of Belgium. Great Britain
was angry at the breaking of Belgian neutrality and therefore entered the
war against Germany.
Germany (and much of Europe) expected a short war. Nationalism cause
many Europeans to greet the outbreak of was with happiness and optimism.
Many didn’t understand the horrors of modern warfare.
Triple Alliance had a few advantages:
Control of seas
The Schlieffen Plan
Germany had well-plan attack created in 1904 known as “The Schlieffen