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The Great War.docx

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The Great War Monday, September 24, 2012 HIST 1F95 Outline: 1. July Crisis 2. Schlieffen Plan 3. Stalemate 4. America’s Entry Key Terms: Sarajevo Archduke Franz-Ferdinand Gavrilo Princip Allies: Britain, Russia, France, Serbia and Belgium (Triple Entente refers specifically to Britain, France and Russia) Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary Later: Turkey, Bulgaria Count Alfred von Schlieffen Count Hermuth von Motlke Marne (1914) Somme (1916) Verdun (1916) Tannenberg (1914) Woodrow Wilson Zimmermann Telegram Kaiserschalact (1918) Armistice July Crisis  June 28 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip (member of the nationalist group “The Black Hand”)  Austrians were outraged at Serbians. Germans pressured Austria to go to war. In August 1914 Austria declared war on Serbia.  Russia began to mobilize forces against Austria-Hungary, so Germany declared was on Russia, and then France. An artists’ depiction of how the alliance system brought European countries into “The Great War”  Germany tried to move through the neutral country of Belgium. Great Britain was angry at the breaking of Belgian neutrality and therefore entered the war against Germany.  Germany (and much of Europe) expected a short war. Nationalism cause many Europeans to greet the outbreak of was with happiness and optimism. Many didn’t understand the horrors of modern warfare.  Triple Alliance had a few advantages: More men More money Control of seas The Schlieffen Plan  Germany had well-plan attack created in 1904 known as “The Schlieffen Plan”.  To esse
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