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Lecture 1 notes- Belle Epoque.docx

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David Schimmelpenninck

Lecture 1: Belle Époque - Friday September 6, 2013 “The past is a foreign country, they do things differently there” – L.P. Hartley Belle Époque- the Belle Époque or La Belle Époque was a period in French and Belgian history that is conventionally dated as starting in 1871 and ending when World War I began in 1914 Life in the Early Days - Automobiles are expensive and are not commonly used. Horses are the common way of transportation - All of the necessities of life are delivered by horse drawn carriages either to your door or to a local store - People didn’t tend to take trips, they stayed in their local area - Shipping now allows items from other places to be bought - The telegraph was invented - The newspaper became an important item to have, ex. The London Times - Telephone invented, not important - Mail service was an important aspect of everyday life, delivered twice a day. A letter sent from London to Northern Scotland would typically arrive in a days’ time - Steam ships now made travelling easier and were popular with the higher class - The wealthy had the best life overall - Class system was used - The lower class however weren’t even really recognized. Children were expected to start working as soon as they were able to in order to support the family - There was no education for the lower class - Marriage was now the requirement in order to classify yourself as a family, use to have to have children - Monarchies were governing most places - In 1900, in order to vote you had to own your own land - Women had no rights and were seen as a servant to the man - Feminism movement beginning at this time - Declaration of rights for woman and children - Before 1914, woman could only vote in Finland and Norway - Outside major cities, only minimal medicine was available making it hard if you fell ill - Scholars from North America began to see the world differently saying that life tomorrow will be different than life today - Typically famine and war were the only way to achieve change - In 1901, Europeans w
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