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American Psychological Association (APA) Referencing Style Guide Overview Other materials Referencing Audio recording Intellectual honesty and plagiarism Australian Bureau of Statistics (AusStats) About the APA style Brochure In-text citation: Referencing sources within the text Government report (online) Image on the Internet Reference list Electronic items Lecture (unpublished)/ personal communication Referencing secondary sources Podcast (from the Internet) Different works of the same author and same year Thesis Video recording, television broadcast or episode in a series Books and book chapters Video (from the Internet) Web page / document on the Internet Single author Two authors Three to six authors More than six authors No author (inc dictionaries/encyclopaedias) Edited book Chapter, article or section in a book Chapter or article in an edited book E-book Journal articles, newspaper articles and conference papers Journal article (print version) Journal article (full-text from electronic database) Non-English journal article translated into English Newspaper article (available in print) Newspaper article (from electronic database) Article (from the Internet, not available in print version) Proceedings of meetings and symposiums, conference papers Systematic reviews University of Western Sydney Library APA Referencing Style Guide Referencing Referencing acknowledges the sources that you use to write your essay or assignment paper. In-text citations are used throughout your writing to acknowledge the sources of your information. The full references for the citations are then listed at the end of your assignment paper in the References list. It is important to first consult your unit outline, lecturer or tutor for the preferred citation style for each unit you undertake. Intellectual honesty and plagiarism Students are referred to the University of Western Sydney Calendar "Misconduct - Student Academic Misconduct Policy" section for basic definitions and University policies relating to intellectual honesty, cheating and plagiari.m About the APA style The American Psychological Association (APA) style is a widely used author -date system of referencing or bibliographic citation. This guide covers basic explanations and examples for the most common types of citations u sed by students. This guide is based on theublication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition) which is available at all UWS libraries. If you are unable to find the referencing example you require in this guide, me detailed information and examples can be found in the above publication. Current information can also be obtained via the Internet from the official APA Style website which includes tutorials, a blog and FAQs. Corrected Sample Papers from the Publication Manual can also be found on the APA website. For further support, please contact UWS library: o Phone 02 98525353 o Email o Online Librarian In-text citation: Referencing sources within the text Throughout the text of your paper you need to ac knowledge the sources used in your writing. Whenever you present a statement of evidence such as a quote, or when you use someone else's ideas, opinions or theories in your own words (paraphrasing), you must acknowledge your sources. Some examples of how to cite sources within your paper are given below. If you use the name of the author(s) in your writing, place the year of publication of the work in parentheses after the authors name. 1 University of Western Sydney Library APA Referencing Style Guide Mullane (2006) conducted research into the effect of If you refer to a work in the text of your paper, place the author's last name and the year of publication of the work in parentheses at the end of the sentence. The research conclusively proved a correlation between the results (Mullane, 2006). Note: When you summarise the general idea of a source in your own words, you must cite the author and year of publication of the work as shown below. APA does not require you to provide the page number unless you use a direct quote, however if you paraphrase or summarise a specific paragraph or section you should consider including the page number. If you directly quote fewer then 40 words, enclose the quotation by double quotation marks within the text. The year of publication of the work along with the page number(s)* of the quote should be provided in parentheses. Mullane (2006) referred to this correlation as a statistical anomaly (p. 118), contributing.... or It was found that the correlation was a statistical anomaly (Mullane, 2006, p. 118). * When there are no page numbers, but the sources contains headings or numbered paragraphs, use a section name or paragraph number, e.g. Jones (2008, Introduction section) or Roberts (2008, para. 5). If the paragraphs are not numbered, cite the heading and the number of the paragraph following the heading, e.g. Anderson (2005, Discussion section, para. 2) If the quotation is greater than 40 words it should be displayed in a double-spaced, indented block (1.3 cm) without quotation marks. Mullane (2006) stated that: If any similar qualitative research is to be undertaken in the future, then stringent controls should be put in place to ensure such statistical anomalies do not occur through lack of methodological rigor, particularly through corruption of data inadequately stored and processed (p. 66). If you use more than one source to write a statement in your paper, the citation can be presented using semi-colons between works as follows: Separate sources, different authors: and a number of studies have shown identical results (Sanders, 2008; Smith, 2009). Two or more publications by the same author: It was found that...(Smith, 2000, 2004) Sources that you cite in your writing are listed in detail at the end of your document in a reference list. 2
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