POLI 1F90 Lecture Notes - United States Presidential Election, 2004, Party System, Caucus

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Tuesday January 8th, 2013
Poli Lecture Semester 2:
Political Parties:
Slide 1: This term
- parties, elections, social movements
- foreign policy
- international relations
- development
- global problems
- war/terrorism
- global economy and globalization
Slide 2: Political Parties
- relevant still?
- Essential for democracy?
- Are you a member?
Slide 3: Parties in decline?
- shallow roots
- policy often developed and implemented by public service and interest
groups
- partisanship in decline
- other forms of social organization
- changing bases of partisanship
- is this good for democracy?
Slide 4: Parties are still important
- 111 parties ran in 2005 iraqi election
- structure choice in elections independents do not do well
Slide 5: Political Party defined
- an organization made up of volunteers and paid professionals who work
together to achieve common goals (primarily to win elected office)
- parties may compete simply to highlight an issue
Slide 6: Origins
- UK early 19th century
- Cliques in parliament formed around leaders of factions
- Elite dominated
- Extension of franchise starting 1832 leads to growth of electorate. New
parties emerge (Labour).
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Slide 7: Party Categories: Elite-based
- elite-based: early UK conservatives, early Canadian liberals and
conservatives
- small, dominated by elite, aimed to reward supporters with patronage
- found in earliest stages of democratic development
Slide 8: Mass-Based
- response to the elite based parties
- aided by extension of franchise
- large membership
- highly dependent on membership for resources
- social clubs and outreach
- British Labour Party until 1990’s
Slide 9: Ethnic Parties
- seek to protect ethnic group
- Inkatha Freedom Party (South Africa)
- Voice of Zulu nation
- Aim to get resources for group
Slide 10: Catch-all (Electoral-professional)
- emerge after WWII
- small membership
- leader centered
- ideologically vague
- focus on elections
- Contemporary Canadian Conservatives, Liberals and NDP
- Us Republicans and Democrats
- Media core tactical weapon
- Dominant party category in West now
Thursday January 10th, 2013
Slide 11: Movement parties
- non-hierarchical (European greens)
- small membership, Concerned with core ideas
- very difficult to govern
Slide 12: Functions of parties
- leadership selection
- candidate recruitment and nomination
- electoral campaigning
- social
- educational
- trying to find someone to represent the party
- offer social opportunity with the party leaders
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