POLI 1P95 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Consociationalism, Imagined Communities, Instrumentalism
This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
January 14: Theories
Irish Protestants and Irish Catholics:
● racially very similar
● same language
● religion more important than any other shared attributes
Hutus and Tutsis:
● more differences than just religion
Ethnicity as a concept as so complex and multifaceted- may look different
Nation: collective consciousness that desires for a state.
● territory and political aspirations
● territory and ethnicity are necessary, but not sufficient.
Based on modernity, industrialization, urbanization and media- these things which have helped
people form an identity with people who share character traits with. This would have been
impossible in the pre-modern age.
1. Essentialism/Primordialism: Most traditional and criticized of the theories
● “man is a national, not a rational” (Connor 1994)
○ variations (time and space)
○ Old and new hostilities
○ biology cannot explain everything: Example, Chinese in Malaysia- those groups
have only recently come into contact, if biology determined who you hate, the
groups would have sought each other out sooner.
○ Malleability: groups change
● The “psychology of emotion” (Peterson 2002)- tried to revive Essentialism, by testing
brain waves in people
○ fear hatred, resentment and rage are “biological”- humans are naturally
○ if ethnic conflicts are driving people to fear - it’s not necessarily just biology, there
is evidence that ethnic conflicts register fear in people
● nothing to do with biology- everything to do with political agenda and self interest of inds
and groups (resources)
● Elites manipulate masses- with something to gain
● scholars look to the main actors in a conflict
● ethnicity “masks” other interests
● why mobilize via ethnicity?
You're Reading a Preview
Unlock to view full version