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Lecture 5

POLI 1P95 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Agnosticism, Consociationalism, Pierre Trudeau


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 1P95
Professor
Sanjay Jeram
Lecture
5

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January 19: Levels of Analysis
Overview:
1. Overview of poli sci subfields
2. Three levels of analysis
a. Research traditions exist at each level
3. Case study of Quebec-Canada
What is poli sci?
Empirical political science is about understanding/explaining objective political
outcomes
Normative poli sci is about how politics should be don
Empirical political science:
Comparative politics (CP): Why is there more ethnic conflict in Zambia than
Ghana? They have similar histories, yet
comparative politics is the study of the domestic politics, political institutions,
and conflicts of countries. It often involves comparisons among countries and
through time within single countries, emphasizing key patterns of similarity
and difference.
International Relations: (IR)
Levels of analysis approach bridges CP and IR
Individual Level:
Elites as cause of conflict
personal rewards- resources
Ethnic Outbidding: “I am the best protector of this ethnic group”. Ethnic Elites
make claims to be the true representative of an ethnic group.
Instrumentalism and Institutionalism.
Group cohesiveness: elites are a driver of cohesiveness, why do the masses
follow?
Instrumentalism: elites have personal rewards at stake, but why do
people buy into this?
Elites and conflict resolution:
moderation and co-optation
“spoiler”
Domestic level
(1): causes Structural factors
State weakness/strength
Intrastate security dilemma
Economy
Ethnic geography
Domestic actors
Interests, power, and organization
‘Rules of the game’ à formal institutions
Domestic level (2): responses
Hegemonic state
○ Authoritarian
‘illiberal’ democracy leads to separation or assimilation
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