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Lecture 4

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John Mitterer

1 Feb 2 & 3 2012 Week 4: Constructing Youth Outline I/ Defining terms II/ A psychological view III/ Role-taking fitting for modern change IV/ Critical theory/political economy V/ Discourses of adolescence and teenagehood VI/ Midterm info Mainpoints • Adolescence, teenager and youth are distinct yet overlapping concepts • Adolescence and teenagehood are often pathologized • There are different perspectives explaining adolescence, teenager and youth • Socio-cultural theorists tend to see these as context-specific, social concepts Do youth, adolescence and teenager refer to a stage of life that was already there, waiting to be discovered or explained? Or do they refer to a stage of life created within a certain context? I/ Definingterms Youth Adolescence • Early 20th century -Concerns about young people -Concerns about future -Rise in ‘psi’ discipline • Stanley G. Hall -Embedded in the individual -Problem/difficult -Sexuality as concern Teenagehood • Post World War 2 • Link to consumption 2 II/ Psychologicaladolescence Adolescence Risk Taking Look to the Science of Adolescence The process of Adolescence • The notion of “becoming” an adult JKM’s Adolescence • Stanley Hall’s “problem” - Controlled - Rebelled Why did I “rebel”? •Traditional Developmental Psychology proposes an answer for this question - Freud - Erikson - Piaget Freud - Id vs Ego • Coming into adolescence a child is in the “latency” stage – Id and Ego are “balanced” • Adolescents is the “genital” stage - Bombarded with instinctual “urges” - An internal struggle between Id and Super Ego • So the process of adolescence is one of great internal stress Erikson •Also a time of struggle - To form one’s “identity” - Breaking away from identity of parents •Truly a time of “becoming” - Parental role is supporting •If “becoming” isn’t support, difficulties may arise Piaget •Also a time of “becoming” •Adolescence is a time to develop “abstract thinking” skills - Parental role is to support this •Conflict arises if society (parents) force their own way of thinking about a situation - Doesn’t allow for teen to “practice” A period of becoming 3 • Development from childhood to adulthood • F
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