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Last year short answer.docx

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John Mitterer

Question 1.2 Two of Sacks‟ case histories were assigned for the seminar concerned with the issue of the unconscious mind. Briefly describe one of these (2 marks) and explain what it teaches us about a) whether we have an unconscious mind (that is, thoughts that we don‟t have conscious access to) and b) whether that unconscious mind can influence our behaviour. Answer: Murder – chapter 19 à Donald killed his wife while under the influence of PCP. He had no memory of the deed- and neither hypnosis nor sodium amytal served to help him remember. He was placed in a psychiatric hospital. When on temporary release, he crashed his bike and sustained severe head injury and severe contusion of both frontal lobes. He lay in a coma for almost two weeks and then unexpectedly he started to recover. The murder, lost to memory before, now stood before in in vivid, almost hallucinatory detail. a) Based on this story, we can clearly see that we have an unconscious mind. Through defense mechanisms, we are able to repress, deny, regress, project, rationalize etc. Donald repressed his memories in order to avoid painful memories that threatened his daily life. b) The unconscious mind/unconscious thoughts, impulses, and desires (especially those concerning sex and aggression) greatly influence our behaviour according to Freud. The unconscious holds repressed memories and emotions, plus the instinctual drive of the id. The id is made up of innate biological instincts and urges, is it self-serving, irrational, impulsive and totally unconscious. It also underlies our efforts to survive, as well as our sexual desires and pleasure seeking. Thus the unconscious greatly influences our behaviour. Question 1.3 Define two of the following (2 marks each) *remember if you answer all 3 only 1st two will be marked* -Receptive aphasia pg 65. : Receptive aphasia, also known as Wernicke‟s aphasia, fluent aphasia, or sensory aphasia, is a type of aphasia traditionally associated with neurological damage to Wernicke‟s area in the brain, temporal lobe brain area related to language comprehension. People can hear speak but have difficulty understanding the words. Opposite of Paul Broca‟s ( not being able to speak but having the comprehension of language - Eidetic Memory 273-274: commonly referred to as photographic memory, is a medical term, popularly defined as the ability to recall images, sounds, or objects in memory with extreme precision and in abundant volume. The word eidetic, referring to extraordinarily detailed and vivid recall not limited to, but especially of, visual images Txt definition: the ability to retain a projective mental image long enough to use as source of information -Neurosyphyllis: is an infection of the brain or spinal cord. It usually occurs in persons who have had untreated syphilis for many years. Neurosyphilis is caused by Treponema pallidum, the bacteria that cause syphilis. It usually occurs about 10 - 20 years after a person is first infected with syphilis. Not everyone who has syphilis will develop this complication. -Sacks ch. 11 cupids disease 1.4 Question: Contrast how physicans working under a traditional medical model versus physicaians working under a Biopsychosocial model would approach “Wiccy Ticcy Ray”. In your answer include a brief description of Wiccy Ticcy Ray and his problems Answer: Ray suffered from Turrets syndrome. He began taking medication but found that he was unable to do activities that once brought him joy (such as ping-pong and music) so he wanted to get off the medication. Instead, Sacks and him came to an agreement that he would take his medication during the week and stay off his medication on weekends so that he could enjoy his ticks. Biopsychosocial model: this view states that diseases are caused by a combination of biological, psychological and social factors. Instead of passively getting treatments from a doctor, this model says that you play a role in fostering your own health. This model makes us understand that medicine works best when doctors help people make sense of their medical condition to maximize healing. Medical model: from this perspective, health is an absence of illness and your body is a complex biological machine that can break down and become ill. Sometime you inflict the damage to yourself through poor life style choices, and sometimes an external cause causes illness. In either event, the problem is physical and your mind has little to do with it SECTION 2: Question 2.1 Explain how social convoys change as people get older (1 mark). Historically, why did researchers believe that this change to the social convoy happened (1 mark)? In her Socioemotional Selectivity theory, Laura Carstensen proposed a very different reason to explain why we see this development change in the social convoy. What are the two goals upon which SST is based, and how do they change over time (2 marks)? Based on SST-related research, then, how does Laura Carstensen explain age-based changes in the social convoy. Answer: social convoys change as people get older because you add people into your life; friends, family, spouse, co- workers, etc. From then on, as you grow older the center gets smaller because people die, lose work, retire, etc. In history, people believed the convoy got smaller because old people don‟t worry about socialization as they aged and retire/die. The two goals are: emotion regulation and information seeking. This changes over time because younger adults prioritize emotionally meaningful goals. Age based changes are because when time perspective is limited, emotionally meaningful goals become more salient and familiar social partners are preferred. Developmental changes in the role: robus finding is that younger adults prioritize seeking goals; whereas older adult prioritize emotionally meaningful goals Laura theorized that as we grow older, we minimizing groups by choosing who‟s important to us and who is not. Question 2.2 In the seminar reading about licensing parents, Lykken. Is careful to point out that correlation does not imply causation. In this instance he is referring to the link between boys being raised without fathers and antisocial behavior –in other words, not having a father doesn‟t cause you to go out and co
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