Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (650,000)
Brock U (10,000)
PSYC (800)
Lecture 12

PSYC 2P25 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Social Dominance Orientation, Assortative Mating, Authoritarianism


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2P25
Professor
Michael Ashton
Lecture
12

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Exam:
108 MC questions
Review sheet and textbook
Religion and Politics
Religiosity is a kind of trait but it differs from personality traits:
o 1- it depends of belief about spiritual or supernatural world (and how to live in harmony
with it)
o 2- involves “way of live” that unites otherwise unrelated behaviours
o (recall intrinsic vs extrinsic religiosity we’ll focus on intrinsic)
Intrinsic really do believe
Extrinsic may not entirely believe
o Religiosity typically has weak positive rs with some personality traits (honesty-humility,
E, A, C)
o Openness is unrelated to overall belief in supernatural but
R=.40 with “spiritual religiosity
R=-.25 with “religious fundamentalism”
o Thus, Openness influences style of religiosity: spiritual versus traditional
o (High-O people start, spread new religions; low-O people, maintain old ones?)
Genes and Environment:
o Large common Environment (c2) effect on which religion one belongs to, and not much
heritable influence (h2)
o What about level of religiosity?
o Until early adulthood, strong c2 (>.50) and weak h2 (<.15) influences on religiosity
o (e.g. MZ twins very similar, but DZ also; and r= .40 between adopted children and
adoptive parents/siblings)
o During adulthood, h2 becomes stronger (>.40) and c2 weaker (<.20)
o (e.g. MZ twins maintain similarity, DZ twins lose some see Koenig et al., 2005)
o Also, very strong assortative mating for religiosity:
o Spouse r= .75 (!) (Watson et al., 2004)
Changes in religiosity: Who becomes
o Religious despite non-religious family? (“Amazing believers”)
o Non-religious despite religious family? (Amazing apostates)
Altemeyer& Hunsberger (1997):
o Interviewed these two kinds of people (each a small %) in undergrad sample
o Results: “amazing believers” tended to join religion suddenly,
out of emotional attraction
during a personal crisis
with gain of sense of community, and
without opposition from family
o “amazing apostates” tended to leave religion gradually
Because of doubts due to intellectual skepticism
With disapproval of family
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version