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Roberto Nickel

Psychology is the study of behavior and experience. Unit of analysis Clinical psychologists have Ph.D.s Psychologists specialize in psychiatry Neurotic psychotic (have disorders that are severe enough that interfere with the normal functions of living (have friends, job, fall in love, raise children)) Psychotics cannot do that because they scare most of us because they see things that no one else sees or hears. They say weird things, often end up being institutionalized. Can use drugs to minimize the violent tendencies. Neurotics are people who suffer from one or more neurosis. Tend to be anxiety and depression related. When a psychotic gets depressed they dont do things for days, neurotics are treated best by clinical psychologists. II. What Psychologists Study A. Clinical a. Counseling b. Community B. Biological a. Physiological psychologists b. Psychophysiologists c. Psychopharmacologists d. Comparative C. Developmental a. Study things like if you are a mathmatican could you do the same problems at 90 that you could do at 30? Focus on changes over time b. Physical changes: bigger taller, adolescents, adulthood bones start to compress c. Moral changes: take a kid tell him a story, wife 2 kids then guy lost his job and trying to get a job no money coming in, they would go to store and buy food, still couldnt find a job, running out of money, he ran out of money went to store and bought food and ha no money, that night he got up and went down to bakery and stole bread and brought it home to feed his kids. Kid says stealing is wrong you cant do that, stealing to kids is black and white, college student would say that hes sorry for breaking the bakery and stealing is wrong, but he needed to feed his kids so its not wrong or right. D. Experimental and Cognitive a. Concerned with very basic physiological processes, that allow us to learn, remember, and later use information to pursue various goals. b. Sensations, perceptions, learning, memory, motivation, thinking, problem solving, decision making E. Educational and School a. Principles of psychological functioning within a educational setting b. Designing curriculum you have to figure out math, how to teach them, what subjects, in what order, in what order, how often to come back c. Middle school: 3 six grade math classes, one option is to take one third of the six graders that is least capable put them in on class, but the other third in a higher one, put the others in a middle level, its called tracking, and then teachers love this because they know what they can teach to certain children. If the lower level kids start to think of themselves as bad at math then they will stop trying at math and school and eventually drop out. d. What to do with kids that are very smart or average, but confined to a wheel chair, blind, deaf, used to be just put them in a room down the hall, now they put them in a normal class and make some accommodations. What to do with people who are so much smarter than everyone else that information becomes boring to them? F. Industrial-Organizational a. Specialize in the principles of psychological functioning in the workplace. b. Job satisfaction leads to increased productivity, if you like your job you will work harder, more productive employee and the company will make more profits, if not you wont work as hard, less productive and less money for the company. c. It is to the companies benefit to design jobs that are most satisfying to people, then they will produce more profits. d. Not much evidence that links these two. e. Job satisfaction leads to less absences, leads to fewer strikes, less employee theft, f. A lot with personnel selection, some people are motivated others less so, find the most smartest and motivated people and hire them. g. All of us would be good at some jobs and less good at other jobs. h. Identify the unique skills, interests, tenandances, and matching them with jobs that are unique to them.i. Being able to predict which people would be good at which job. Hiring is very expensive. j. Organizational vertically like a pyramid. horizontal structure. A psych would examine which businesses are best suited for which structure. Which one would be most efficient, people for specialization. k. They also look at the personal level. G. Social a. Specialize in units of analysis that are greater than 1. Dyad. Wants to understand a couple, marriage, social interactions. Marriage cant only study guy or girl but the unit and dynamics between them goals, conflict. b. Roommates, friends, marriages, small groups. Small group is defined as a group of people who know each other very well. Each person respects each other to differing degrees. The social interactions between each member. c. Large groups large enough that each individual does not know each other very well at all. d. Cultural issues, sub-cultures, cultural relations confusion. Inter cultural relations e. Study things that require more than one person. f. Attracti
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